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 Maarten Maartensz:  Philosophical Dictionary | Filosofisch Woordenboek



Sites - Medieval

Under the above heading I give a series of links to sites that concern Medieval philosophy (in the West)

A. Encyclopedias, glossaries and references

Paul Vincent Spade: This site is by a professor in Medieval Philosophy and it is quite well done. I like Medieval Philosophy, because it seems to me often more thorough than later philosophy. But I am an atheist, so even though much of the theology does involve interesting distinctions and arguments it also has the shortcoming of being based on false (or very improbable and to me quite incredible) premisses. Much of Medieval Logic is interesting and often sharpwitted and sensible in ways applications of modern mathematical logic often are not, especially in questions in which semantics, universals or epistemology are involved. This site also includes quite a few PDF-files that are well worth reading.

B. Specific philosophers and topics

Abélard: This concerns the philosopher Peter Abélard, who was castrated because of his love for his pupil Héloise. He had a logical mind and was not afraid to say what he thought and felt. The most interesting things I read relating to im are the correspondence of Abélard and Héloise, which is quite interesting, and shows that Héloise was at least as interesting a person as Abélard.

Aquinas: Aquinas systematized Catholic theology and was much helped in this by the in his time recently recovered books of Aristotle. His main works are the Summa contra Gentiles (Theses against the Heathens) and Summa Theologica (Theses in Theology). Both have been translated into English, and are also available in selections. It is helpful, if you are interested, to read some modern Catholic theologians concerned with Scholasticism. One interesting one is Wilhelm.

Ockham: Ockham had a very sharp mind and many interesting ideas about logic, methodology and universals. His main work is the Summa Logica, parts of which have been translated into English.

Autrecourt: Autrecourt seems to have been inspired by Ockham and belonged to the same religious order. He was skeptical about many things his fellow Scholastics were not skeptical about. One of these was induction, where he made Hume's basic observations - to the effect that inductions are not deductively valid - long before Hume. He was forced to recant part of his doctrines and to publicly burn them. 

Buridan: Buridan like Ockham had a very sharp mind and seems to have been most interested in logic. Interestingly, he did not get a high Scholastic degree and ranking, either because he was too original or too careful.

Meister Eckehart:





 Last edited: 12 Dec 2011.   Top.