Self-knowledge: Knowledge of
self, often recommended, as in
the Greek "Know Thyself!" (gnoti auton), and often denied as possible,
e.g. by Buddhists and
Self-knowledge is often said to be
difficult or impossible, but a man who insists on this must be speaking
of a deeper self-knowledge than is common, for every adult who functions
in some society has enough
self-control and enough
relevant knowledge to
be a member of society, wholly apart from whatever deep
questions he may raise about his ultimate
character or deepest motives.
And it is also worth
mentioning that every human being experiences himself or herself
foremost as a feeling,
believing and desiring thing, and
most other human beings foremost as physical bodies.
Indeed, normally we
experience our own interiors and not our exteriors, and experience the
exteriors of others and not their interiors. And this is quite literally
so, also as regards the sources we use: Our own brain for ourselves;
sensations produced by bodies for other people.