1820-1895. Originally German capitalist entrepreneur, owner of cotton mills in
Manchester. Friend, cooperator and financial aider of
Marx and Engels met in their early 20ies and
remained friends afterward, and cooperated on laying the foundations of what
since has been called Marxism. Engels co-wrote
The Communist Manifesto with Marx, and also wrote books by himself,
notably 'The position of the English working class' and 'Dialectics of
Nature'. He also edited and published volumes II and III of Capital
after Marx had died.
It is an interesting and ironical fact that without Engels' financial aid
Marx could not have written Capital, and that therefore this attack on the
foundations of capitalism was funded by a capitalist.