| Francis Bacon: English
statesman and philosopher, 1561-1626, founder inductive logic. Also
claimed by some to be the author of Shakespeare's works.
He started as a lawyer, statesman and
author but, living during the English Renaissance, revolted against
Aristotelism and Scholastic logic, and proposed an inductive method to
discover truth, that was based on empirical observation and
verification of hypotheses.
He did not arrive at a precise system of
his own, and the best statement of what he may have had in mind are
probably Mill's methods, first articulated in the 19th Century.