Nederlog

 

December 31, 2010

 

ME+me: Psychiatry, psychology, CBT, GET, DSM-5 and XMRV

 

   "The mild and the long-suffering may suffer forever in this world. As long as the patient will suffer, the cruel will kick."
     -- Sidney Smith
   "There were a lot of fools at that conference - pompous fools - and pompous fools drive me up the wall. Ordinary fools are all right; you can talk to them, and try to help them out. But pompous fools - guys who are fools and are covering it all over and impressing people as to how wonderful they are with all this hocus pocus - THAT, I CANNOT STAND! An ordinary fool isn't a faker; an honest fool is all right. But a dishonest fool is terrible!"
  -- Richard Feynman:
    
Is Electricity Fire?
  "Every normal man must be tempted, at times, to spit upon his hands, hoist the black flag, and begin slitting throats."
   -- H.L. Mencken


I continue being not well, and otherwise also as before, so I cannot do much. But the vitamine B12 still seems to be helping me, indeed for four weeks now, which is hopeful, because, while it may not heal, it surely is pleasant to find something that helps. 

Sections

1. The Becks and Limbaughs of Psychiatry and Psychology
2. Good Australian ME/CFS-site with excellent report on CBT and GET
3. Excellent Dutch report on XMRV + idem on CBT and GET
4. Good journalistic article on the dangers of DSM-5

5. End of year

1. The Becks and Limbaughs of Psychiatry and Psychology

Hint for those who dislike my language:
See item 4, and think again

As you may recall, two days ago and also on December 22 and 26, moved by saeve indignatio that with any continueing help of B12 will unpack, although possibly in Dutch, in the new year, in no polite measured respectful tones such as ordinary men love to hear - for it is as Mencken said, of the goodly average folks, ill or not, busy to kill, murder or main from patriotic, party or religious love or not:

My guess is that well over eighty per cent of the human race goes through life without ever having a single original thought. That is to say, they never think anything that has not been thought before, and by thousands. A society made up of individuals who were all capable of original thought would probably be unendurable. The pressure of ideas would simply drive it frantic. The normal human society is very little troubled by them. Whenever a new one appears the average man displays signs of dismay and resentment, The only way he can take in such a new idea is by translating it crudely into terms of more familiar ideas. That translation is one of the chief functions of politicians, not to mention journalists. They devote themselves largely to debasing the ideas launched by their betters. This debasement is intellectually reprehensible, but probably necessary to carry on the business of the world.

And it is nobody's fault that one is born stupid, got ill educated, and remained ignorant forever of any and all high civilization or real science - but o, how easy does it make the life of the clever conmen, deceivers of the public, populist politicians, hardly sane undereducated rabble rousers like Beck and Limbaugh, and indeed also highly educated, clever morally most corrupt and behavourially most cruel rotters like Wessely, White, Sharpe, Pinching, Gerada, Chalder and others.

Indeed, as I said yesterday:

So in case you ask(ed): Yes, I feel not only totally justified, rationally, scientifically, psychologically and personally to say that these psychiatric conmen and women are moral rotters and degenerates of major proportions, whose professional organization ought to weed this human shit out of medical science, instead of protecting these frauds by looking away and pretending it doesn't happen - it is also my personal duty as someone who is 32 years ill without help, since I do have the degrees and the knowledge to say clearly and confidently these men and women, and some ten to twenty others, in the US, Holland and Germany for the most part, are pseudoscientists who, as medical men and women or psychological men and women, indulge their base perversions in preference to doing real science and to behave morally as a real doctor or psychologist should:

Drive The Pseudos Out Of The Workshop Of Science!

These are frauds, liars, conmen, degenerates, abusing science, medicine and morality basically because they are that manner of men and because almost everybody lets them - which I also find despicable in their colleagues, but which is an attitude I am familiar with, indeed like Benda and Orwell were, and La Rochefoucauld: "We all have sufficient force to bear the ills of others".

So for me, also meanwhile being 60, it got radically simplified:

I am not going to politely refute a lying meical sadist like Wessely time and again, though I agree it makes sense if others do so, if they an find the energy - I am going to satirize them till they are dead or go to court, where they can meet me in the concentration camp pyama of my father and grandfather, with a red political triangle and a Davidstar, to entice the media that something out of the ordinary is going on:

"Here I stand - I cannot act differently".
   -- Maarten Luther

For properly seen, these several tens of pseudo-scientific psychiatrists, psychotherapists and other psychobabblers, who like vampires sit on the shoulders of millions of ill people, to twist the facts, to blacken and discriminate the genuinely ill, to offend, demean and denigrate the helpless, all to provide this congregation of frauds in the name of science with money and chances, this bunch of sick perverse psychiatic and psychotherapeutic lying and deceiving sadistic pseudoscientists, who behave like the mafia the of psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychology:

Pseudo-scientists organized to make money by defamation and degradation, by propaganda and fraud, and by massive illegal discrimination and illegal degradations of millions, by defrauding these millions from their human rights in the name of their pseudo-science, backed by no more than their miserable propaganda-prose they call 'evidence based medicine', the authority that derives from their titles, and the frightening impertinence that these creeps are capable of, while dealing out Big Lies to the public and to parliamentarians and journalists in the best Goebbels-tradition, to make money for themselves and their bosses and colleagues.

In my understanding of the Dutch law and of my human rights one is not entitled to accuse millions of people, unseen, not investigated medically, that they have  "a dysfunctional belief system"; that they are "liars"; that they are "malingerers"; that they "cannot distinguish real pain from imaginary pain"; or else that they, all the 17 million of them, are "insane and/or neurasthenic", besides "not being worthy of help ill people get".

THAT IS A VERY SICK AND SADISTIC SYSTEM OF
DISCRIMINATION.

Which is forbidden by law, also when done on the pretense of doing "psychiatry".

So let me ask these medical sadists who are insane, sadistic or brazen enough to discriminate 17 million ill persons...

Is it perhaps because I am black, you sick sado-pro Pinching, that you dare tell the world that I have "dysfunctional beliefs" and must be mad - since I am in pain, since decades, that you cannot explain? Is it because I am a Jew, you sado-Simon Wessely, that you tell the world I am the one with "dysfunctional beliefs", and not a lying projecting sadistic rotter like you, who for decades has been wiping his ass with the rulings of your betters at the WHO?!

What horrible perverse sickness possesses your mind that you think that you have the right to invent arbitrary insanities out of thin air and attribute them to 17 millions, in knowing contradiction with the World Health Organization for decades now, as if you are the Torquemada of King's College, and as if anyone who does not religiously repeat your manner of depraved bullshit must be... mad?

And as if your manner of pseudoscientific sadistic rotter has the right to discriminate millions because you have a degree in psychiatry, as if that puts one beyond sadism, insanity, dishonesty, lies and intentional systematic discrimination, degradation, defamation and denigration of 17 million persons?

What Goebbels-like delusions possesses the sick or lying and scheming minds of you and your kind of pseudoscientific sadists? What is the difference between hurting, harming, discriminating, defaming and dehumanizing people because they lack the political correct race, according to sick Nazi pseudoscience, or because they lack the politically correct health, mental and physical, according to the Nazi-science an intellectual thousand rater, if a first rate liar and sadist, who teaches this pomo pseudoscience in King's College, London?

You know, you lying rotter, that the bullshit you peddle as "Evidence Based Medicine" is in fact Lies Based Propaganda, that it consists of phony baloney with mock statistics and tweaked cohorts, and you know it is being used to defraud very ill people from all help and all hope, leaving them to rot while having hardly the money to live.

How can I believe that one like you, Sado-Simon Weisel-Wessely, can possibly be sane, can possibly be moral, can possibly be honest, can possibly, of all things, be an honest, rational scientist and doctor who means well - while you go out far of your way, since decades also, to demean, degrade and deceive a whole village of civilians poisoned by aluminium, to demean, degrade and deceive English soldiers traumatized by war, indeed even to trample on the feelings of the descendants of English soldiers maltreated in World War I, and demean, degrade and deceive even these few, without any possible motive except your own, to hurt, harm, demean, degrade and deceive whoever relies on you or is in your power.

C'mon, beastly Simon the sado-psycho: You know you are a craven and sick beast of a man: You know from your fathers' stories what men are capable of - and you thought: Me too, me too, me too! Simply because you are that manner of born freak - every school class has its one or two nice boys and girls who get ecstatic pulling legs from spiders and beetles: you're human-all-too-human - or indeed perhaps your dad was so insane from Treblinka that he heaped his pain on your spineless, cowardly and lying person, who since passed it on to millions of others. C'mon, beastly Simon the sado-psycho: Get me in court so that I may inform the court what a background like yours often implies! According to your very own brother psychiatrists! (*) (And see: Studies in MEdical Sadism - 7: Professor Simon Wessely's many mental issues.)

For me, since I read the propaganda rot of Pinching and Towers, the matter is radically simplified to a moral and legal one:

These are moral rotters, these are scientific frauds, and what they peddle is not "evidence based science" but lies and nonsense, what they claim goes against the World Health Organizations decisions, and what they say is intentionall and willfully discriminatory, degrading, offensive, demeaning and blackening of the character, the mind, and the human integrity, the honesty, the morality and the sanity of 17 million genuinely ill persons, who never did anything to merit this manner of degrading lying immoral offensive pseudo-scientific rot imputed to them, not "in the name of science", not "for the sake of helping", and not as "psychiatry" or "psychotherapy" or indeed "religion" or "training".

People who do such things, whatever they pretend or perhaps sincerely believe, ought to be in court and in jail, as they ought to be removed as dangerously incompetent and immoral pseudoscientists from the practices of medicine or psychology.

If they are not sickly and sadistically scheming to acquire health-millions from the taxmoney to fund their persons and their insane treatment scheme of a real disease they sadistically choose to mistreat as a mental health issue, on the sole ground that the disease has no biomedical explamation, and not on any positive evidence that any but a tiny percentage of the 17 millions they falsely accuse of insanity is in fact disturbed, for there is no such evidence, they are criminally incompetent and insane.

More in the new year, quite possibly in Dutch, about these gentlemen who are the Beck and the Limbaughs, the Goebbels and the Streichers of a pseudo-psychiatry that is morally and scientifically and medically rotten to the core.

And may I point those who want to differ in opinion with me about this on my site? I have done the necessary academic studies - psychology and philosophy - and besides this, I did the work, as my whole site shows, and I am quite serious and quite willing to educate any objective judicial court - that should take cognizance, if they want to avoid being flummoxed and flimflammed by pseudoscientific propagandists, of the works listed in my Ten good modern philosophy texts, not accidentally all philosophy of science texts, and in particular of

Whoever has read those with a clear mind knows that the "science" of Wessely, Reeves and Bleijenberg is not science but bogus, and whoever has not risks being taken in by this kind of scientific, medical, moral and human frauds, and misses a great opportunity of educating himself or herself to some real understanding of what real science, logic, probability theory and statistics are really like - which is quite unlike the sick travesty Wessely, Reeves and Bleijenberg have served forth falsely, for decades, thereby causing literally millions of really ill people very large amounts of real pain, real discrimination, real harm, and real suffering, while denying them for the same time all real help and all real research.

2. Good Australian ME/CFS-site with excellent report on CBT and GET

If you don't know the abbreviations: CBT = Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, which in practice is a lot like Maoist or North-Korean re-education programs, while GET = Graduated Exercise Therapy, which is a lot like Nazi forced concentration camp labour, when imposed by force on ill people, as Wessely, White and their rotters have been doing and desiring for decades in England, and as happens also in Holland, Belgium and the US "in the name of science".

As therapies for physically ill people - also of physically ill people even the World Health Organization agrees their illness has no known cause, as yet, but is neurological and not psychiatric - these are fraudulent schemes of practical sadism only morally sick medical people prescribe, enforce or tolerate.

There has been quite a lot of discussion about both, as applied to people with ME/CFS, and here are three good summaries, from various sources, all very well informed:

I yesterday found a very fine summary dating back to September 2009, a month before I turned again to considering ME, because of hearing about XMRV, after mostly abstaining from that for some twenty years, indeed mostly because of great disgust inspired by Bleijenberg's insane doctoral thesis - and mind you prof.dr. Bleijenberg is a psychologist like me, "educated" like me: I know what manner of rot he and I got, and what he believes, and his manner of reasons for those beliefs, that impute "dysfunctional beliefs" to me, and 17 million others, on authority of professor Bleijenberg.

Here it is, and it shows, among other things, what manner of fraudulent freak Bleijenberg with his dysfunctional mind, his dysfunctional morals, his dysfunctional honesty, his dysfunctional science is:

This is on the site

that is new for me, but looks interesting and well done.

Also, my Duch readers I strongly advice to pick up this reference

Again, an example of fine Dutch/Belgian real science, with some excellent empirical grounds, based on a good questionnaire, which was limited to 100 responders, which shows, among other things, what I, who also is a psychologist, indeed expected:

CBT is often harmful, for people with ME/CFS - and I quote:

The most intensively studied psychological therapeutic intervention for ME/CFS is cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). In recent years several publications on this subject have been published. These studies report that this intervention can lead to significant improvements in 30% to 70% of patients, though rarely include details of adverse effects. This pilot study was undertaken to find out whether patients' experiences with this therapy confirm the stated percentages.
(...)

Only 2% of respondents reported that they considered themselves to be completely cured upon finishing the therapy. Thirty per cent reported 'an improvement' as a result of the therapy and the same percentage reported no change. Thirty-eight percent said the therapy had affected them adversely, the majority of them even reporting substantial deterioration. Participating in CBT proved to have little impact on the number of hours people were capable of maintaining social contacts or doing household tasks. A striking outcome is that the number of those respondents who were in paid employment or who were studying while taking part in CBT was adversely affected.
(...)

This pilot study, based on subjective experiences of ME/CFS sufferers, does not confirm the high success rates regularly claimed by research into the effectiveness of CBT for ME/CFS. Over all, CBT for ME/CFS does not improve patients' well-being: more patients report deterioration of their condition rather than improvement. Our conclusion is that the claims in scientific publications about the effectiveness of this therapy based on trials in strictly controlled settings within universities, has been overstated and are therefore misleading. The findings of a subgroup analysis also contradict reported findings from research in strictly regulated settings.

So there: Bleijenberg did not write the truth.

3. Excellent Dutch report on XMRV

As it happens, I am Dutch, and not proud of it, as I had no say in it whatsoever. There is much to criticize in Dutch universities and in Holland, but not all Dutchmen are mad, bad or stupid, and I have even known Dutch psychological professors - not of clinical psychology, to be sure - who were honorable and intelligent men and good scientists as well.

In any case... it is a pleasure to report some good science from Holland:

Of mice and men: on the origin of XMRV

  • 1Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

The novel human retrovirus XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus) is arguably the most controversial virus of this moment. After its original discovery in prostate cancer tissue from North American patients, it was subsequently detected in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) from the same continent. However, most other research groups, mainly from Europe, reported negative results. The positive results could possibly be attributed to contamination with mouse products in a number of cases, as XMRV is nearly identical in nucleotide sequence to endogenous retroviruses in the mouse genome. But the detection of XMRV proviruses in prostate cancer tissue proves it to be a genuine virus that replicates in human cells, leaving the question: how did XMRV enter the human population? We will discuss two possible routes: either via direct virus transmission from mouse to human, as repeatedly seen for e.g. hantaviruses, or via the use of mouse-related products by humans, including vaccines. We hypothesize that mouse cells or human cell lines used for vaccine production could have been contaminated with a replicating variant of the XMRV precursors encoded by the mouse genome.

The above is the absract, and its title is the link where I found it, where you can also find, at the bottom of the page, a link to a pdf of the text, provided JavaScript is on.

I read it through with pleasure and with profit, as it is a clear and sensible article, quite accessible to laymen, even though professor Berkhout is an ace in retrovirology, it turns out.

Also, it clarified for me rather a lot about what part of what must have been on the minds of doctors Alter, Mikovits, Lo and others, and it dismisses the four or five Retrovirology papers I discussed in XMRV=contamination? by direct implication at least twice, so this may be really worth reading, as it also is quite accesssible and well written.

4. Good journalistic article on the dangers of DSM-5

I wrote repeatedly about the dangers of the DSM-5, see e.g.

and incidentally, since I cite MEagenda in the above link, MEagenda has a fine site about the subject:

and found - I forgot how - an interesting journalistic article, by a psychiatrist, on the dangers of DSM-5, to which both main editors of the foregoing editors of the DSM, Frances of the DSM-IV and Spitzer of the DSM-III testify, in no uncertain terms also:

It is in Wired; it is good; it confirms strongly what I have been thinking and saying all the time; it clarifies my concerns with post-modernism and pseudo-scientific psychiatry; it is by a psychotherapist and about a very prominent psychiatrist (much more so than Wessely and his cronies), and starts like this:

Every so often Al Frances says something that seems to surprise even him. Just now, for instance, in the predawn darkness of his comfortable, rambling home in Carmel, California, he has broken off his exercise routine to declare that ďthere is no definition of a mental disorder. Itís bullshit. I mean, you just canít define it.Ē Then an odd, reflective look crosses his face, as if heís taking in the strangeness of this scene: Allen Frances, lead editor of the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Associationís Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (universally known as the DSM-IV), the guy who wrote the book on mental illness, confessing that ďthese concepts are virtually impossible to define precisely with bright lines at the boundaries.Ē For the first time in two days, the conversation comes to an awkward halt.

But he recovers quickly, and back in the living room he finishes explaining why he came out of a seemingly contented retirement to launch a bitter and protracted battle with the people, some of them friends, who are creating the next edition of the DSM. And to criticize them not just once, and not in professional mumbo jumbo that would keep the fight inside the professional family, but repeatedly and in plain English, in newspapers and magazines and blogs. And to accuse his colleagues not just of bad science but of bad faith, hubris, and blindness, of making diseases out of everyday suffering and, as a result, padding the bottom lines of drug companies. These arenít new accusations to level at psychiatry, but Frances used to be their target, not their source. Heís hurling grenades into the bunker where he spent his entire career.

For more, see Inside the Battle to Define Mental Illness - and it also concerns your rights and safety, and those of your children and grandchildren, to be protected from pseudo-scientific doctors of the soul of the O'Brien stamp, while it would seem that if men like Frances and Spitzer find it in them to protest, anyone has cause to worry deeply.

Also, for the psychologically interested: Doctors Spitzer and Frances were resp. the chief editors of the DSM-III and the DSM-IV, so if persons of this eminence in their own field are extremely worried about the DSM-5, those who are not psychiatrists should find serious cause to worry too - and see Brit. Jn. Psychiatry: 78% of the British are not sane for what the DSM-IV unwittingly produced in authoritatively sanctioned madness. What may be even more worrying, if you read the above Inside the Battle to Define Mental Illness, is the extra-ordinarily crude and impolite "replies" these men got from the editors of the DSM-5.

5. End of year

It is December 31 as I write this last section - the rest, as not often happens, was written two days ago - and I wish anyone I like the best of health.

I had hoped to do some more this month, notably with my comments on Wittgenstein, and had also hoped to have a year-index ready at this point, but it didn't work out quite as I hoped.

This then has to wait till the new year, in which there will also be more Dutch in Nederlog, as the last year was mostly English, and almost wholly about ME and what relates to that, for me. And instead of a ready year index there are The past year of ME + me - some that I learned  and Recent Changes, both of which chart a lot of what I did learn this year, as does The past year of ME + me - some that I learned - 2 that is in fact most of a commented year index.

Finally, I'd hoped to make a summary of points I learned the last year, but that too has to wait, although I should remark that what it waits for is a chance to read through Nederlog of the last year and copy some of what I wrote, for I have said most I wanted to say, and indeed see no reason to change any of what I said.

However... the main yield of it all are disgust and indignation, and to show what I think about that I will end this year with a translation of the last piece I wrote three years ago precisely: Morele rekenkunde II - if I can finish it in time, with such health as I have.


Notes

(*) As I outlined in Three documents: My father's story + my story + my Human Rights I am the son and indeed also the grandson of Dutch heroes of the resistance: My father and grandfather were arrested - by Dutch collaborating police - as co-responsible for the February Strike of 1941, organized to stop the razzias on the Jews in Amsterdam, and convicted - by Dutch collaborating judges, in a Dutch nazified court, to concentration camp forced labour as "political terrorists".

Professor Wessely, some five years younger than I am, hails from somebody who, by hook or by crook, managed to survive Treblinka, a destruction camp. There have been decades of theorizing by psychiatrists on the harm done to survivors of concentration camps and to their children, and I should notice - knowing the literature quite well - that the Jewish victims who survived the camps on average were worse of than political prisoners who survived (including Jewish communists who refused to declare themselves to be Jews, being communists and not believing in Goebbels racial rot: I have known some, all very brave, honest and fairminded men, all friends of my father). The probable reasons are that the destruction camps were even worse than the political camps, and also the arrested Jews did not know the horrors of Nazism, and were not organised in the camps. By contrast, my father knew from the German concentrationcamps since they started; went into the resistance with a will; and went again into the resistance in the concentration camps, where the arrested communists had again their secret organizations, as my father explains in his own words in the last link.

So... if I may make a friendly explanatory guess about professor Simon Wessely's psychiatric motives to destroy my chances to lead a tolerable life, and the chances of millions of others, it is - from the literature about concentration camps victims children - that daddie Wessely fucked over poor Simon with a broom every day, after which poor Simon just had to study psychiatry, where he found the ready means to take revenge on the world.

I may be mistaken, but such things have happened before and to others, and whatever its merit as truth, it is more scientific than the crazy bullshit of Simon the sado-conman about millions of persons he does not even know nor surmise the existence of, who in his insane or sadistically lying mind have been "thinking themselves ill" because of "dysfunctional beliefs".

If ever there was a sick psychiatric delusion - and many psychiatrists have made much money from many delusions peddled as science for many decades: That homosexuality is a neurosis or that a peptic ulcer is due to a dysfunctional unconscious, to name just two - then it is the crazy scam of Wessely, Reeves, Bleijenberg, White etc. that the real neurological disease ME is, by their crazy schemes, not a real biomedical disease but a mental disease, that they are, by their crazy schemes, fit to research and claim the patients of, which is a psychobabble theory that no scientific person, including many psychiatrists, can see any merit or any real science in.

It is a cruel intentional scam, for money, and exploitable patients, and the perpetrators should be ousted from their medical or psychological professions, and be put in a real court on charges of decades of intentional discrimination of people - all because these ill people committed the crime of being ill with an ill-understood real disease, and because discriminating them saves much money to health-insurance and states, while it brings much money for the mock-therapies and psychobabble dealt out by Wessely, Reeves, Bleijenberg, White and their likes.


P.S. Corrections have to be added later. (Actually, the first four sections were written on December 29, but not uploaded.)

-- Januart 2, 2011: Corrected some typos.

P.P.S. It may be I have to stop Nederlog for a while. The reason is that I am physically not well at all. I don't know yet, but if there is no Nederlog, now you know the reason.


As to ME/CFS (that I prefer to call ME):

1. Anthony Komaroff

Ten discoveries about the biology of CFS (pdf)

2. Malcolm Hooper THE MENTAL HEALTH MOVEMENT:  
PERSECUTION OF PATIENTS?
3. Hillary Johnson

The Why

4. Consensus (many M.D.s) Canadian Consensus Government Report on ME (pdf)
5. Eleanor Stein

Clinical Guidelines for Psychiatrists (pdf)

6. William Clifford The Ethics of Belief
7. Paul Lutus

Is Psychology a Science?

8. Malcolm Hooper Magical Medicine (pdf)

Short descriptions:

1. Ten reasons why ME/CFS is a real disease by a professor of medicine of Harvard.
2. Long essay by a professor emeritus of medical chemistry about maltreatment of ME.
3. Explanation of what's happening around ME by an investigative journalist.
4. Report to Canadian Government on ME, by many medical experts.
5. Advice to psychiatrist by a psychiatrist who understands ME is an organic disease
6. English mathematical genius on one's responsibilities in the matter of one's beliefs:
   "it is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon
     insufficient evidence
".
7. A space- and computer-scientist takes a look at psychology.
8. Malcolm Hooper puts things together status 2010.
 


    "Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever!

No change, no pause, no hope! Yet I endure.
I ask the Earth, have not the mountains felt?
I ask yon Heaven, the all-beholding Sun,
Has it not seen? The Sea, in storm or calm,
Heaven's ever-changing Shadow, spread below,
Have its deaf waves not heard my agony?
Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever!
"
     - (Shelley, "Prometheus Unbound") 


    "It was from this time that I developed my way of judging the Chinese by dividing them into two kinds: one humane and one not. "
     - (Jung Chang)

 


See also: ME -Documentation and ME - Resources


Maarten Maartensz

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