conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and
opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society.
Those who manipulate this
unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is
the true ruling power of our country.
— E. Bernays,
opening of "Propaganda"
is done with. Reason is done with. Intellect is done with. Common sense
is done with. Everything the "Enlightenment" taught us is done with. We
now live in an age, prescribed by Sigmund Freud's nephew, Edward
Bernays, where "a leadership democracy administered by the intelligent
minority who know how to regiment and guide the masses" has finally
dawned upon humanity."
d'Aymery: Propaganda: Then and now
1. Backgrounds of deception
2. Kinds of deception
3. Theorists of
with some more information
about propaganda. If you click the last link, you'll find links to the
other two files, for which I will soon provide an index, since it is
likely there will be more in the series.
The present Nederlog only gives some more information and links on the
subject, but then if the subject interests you - and it should, for it
explains much about your daily life and about politics - you'll find
the materials linked to interesting.
1. Backgrounds of deception
When I found Edward Bernays'
"Propaganda" on the internet in April last year, which I
mentioned in my Nederlog of April 23,
I knew very rapidly that this was something that would unriddle quite a
few things for me, and indeed it did.
You find that text here
although as yet without
It turns out he is not the only father of "PR" ("public
relations", to be considered below) as the professional liars and
deceivers for hire like to call themselves. Here is one of Bernays' day
and age, roughly, who also has as a claim to fame that he is
"the father of public relations", as documented on Wikipedia:
There are also more
modern ones, especially concerned with politics, in which case this
industry of lying, deceiving and misinforming is best called propaganda
(though the perpetrators themselves seem to call it "political
and indeed there are many more, and in
fact not only commercial agencies who will lie, deceive, misinform, and
mislead a public for money and call this "public relations", but whole
well-known institutions that are supposedly committeed to "research"
that are referred to as "think tanks" in
fact are often much better - much more truly, mucvh more realistically
0 descrined as institutes for propaganda.
2. Kinds of deception
Next, while what is most often called "PR" or "public relations" (here is
Wikipediaś take on the subject; here mine)
in fact is professional conmanship in any case - as I use terms - and
while it is difficult to give precise definitions, it makes sense to
distinguish three kinds of it - and I link in the first words of each
alternative to the appropriate Wikipedia-article:
In either case, the term
is meant to convey that in each of these cases the public that is being
worked on with advertisements, marketing slogans and name branding, or
political propaganda dressed up as kind advice to members of the
public, is being intentionally misled, lied to and deceived.
propaganda for and about commodities
propaganda for product lines and corporations
political propaganda to mislead publics
Also, each case may shade into another, and indeed major corporations
engage these days normally in all three activities, namelyto sell their
products, to get themselves known and admired or desired - "brand
marked" - by customers and others, and to infiuence or ideed create or
provoke political decisions that may effect the corporations.
But the techniques and also the publics which are targeted differ, as
indeed makes sense, even though the main aim - mislead the public into
making choices that benefit the corporation's interests - is the same.
And I should remark that while marketing and political propaganda, if
done professionally, are dishonest and false from the start, there
still is a small percentage of advertising, usually for small
businesses, on the old pattern of "you can buy the best quality X for a
mere Y dollars at Z" - that is, it seeks to inform you (perhaps
dishonestly) rather than manipulate you.
Finally, the name "compliance professionals" covers all three
professionals, and also of some other professions (secret services,
3. Theorists of deception
There is of course the arch-deceivers own text, which is quite
interesting and quite brazen, viz. Edward Bernays "Propaganda", but
while Bernays texts are useful to learn how to deceive (as Goebbels
also publicly stressed), they are far from honest, as they practice
what they preach.
There are a number of men and books that seem a lot more honest, and
certainly are not by persons who grew rich through the craft of
Stuart Ewen teaches
history, sociology and media studies, and can be seen and heard talking
in Adam Curtis's
which is a very
interesting four part four hours series of BBC documentaries about the
mutual influences of public relations, psychiatry and politics, and
concentrates on the Freud family, notably Sigmund Freud's nephew Edward
Bernays and his daughter Anna Freud.
Here are some relevant links
Noam Chomsky is the
famous linguist, philosopher and anarchist, and Edward Herman is his
co-author of "Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the
Mass Media", linked above (which is a book I managed to have missed
for 25 years) that was much inspired by work of Alex Carey, who died in 1987.
The Wikipedia-item on Alex
Carey has a number of interesting links at the end, which includes
this one from what seems to be an interesting radio station:
from which I quote:
Carey: Corporations and Propaganda
I found two programs for
this item in two versions, that seem the same in terms of content, but
I have only heard all of only one set of two, also the smallest
downloads as it happens, so here are the links from TUC radio 4041
Attack on Democracy
The 20th century, said Carey,
marked by three historic developments: the growth of democracy via the
expansion of the franchise, the growth of corporations, and the growth
of propaganda to protect corporations from democracy. Carey wrote that
the people of the US have been subjected to an unparalleled, expensive,
3/4 century long propaganda effort designed to expand corporate rights
by undermining democracy and destroying the unions. And, in his
manuscript, unpublished during his life time, he described that
history, going back to World War I and ending with the Reagan era.
Carey covers the little known role of the US Chamber of Commerce in the
McCarthy witch hunts of post WWII and shows how the continued campaign
against "Big Government" plays an important role in bringing Reagan to
called Carey "a second Orwell", Noam Chomsky
dedicated his book, Manufacturing Consent, to him. And even though TUC
Radio runs our documentary based on Carey's manuscript at least every
two years and draws a huge response each time, Alex Carey is still
This contains a
considerable amount of text by Carey, as was mentioned in the above
quotation. This is well worth listening to, and I am glad it is on
 It may be that the two versions differ, and if I find
out they do I will mention this in Nederlog. They start the same, but
the one listed has two files of 29 minutes each, and the alternative
one two files of 58 minutes each, each of which takes a little over 20
(that I prefer
to call M.E.: The "/CFS" is added to facilitate search machines) which
is a disease I have since 1.1.1979: