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Nederlog
  Mar 28, 2012                  
     

Crisis: The Age of Ignorance

 

Originally written and published by Maarten Maartensz January 1989, warning against the stupification of all levels and kinds of education in Holland:

The result will be what can be seen now, after some 25 years of postmodern levelling education: [4]

Moronic academics; complete, half and three-quarter charlatans as Masters of Art in psychology or sociology; academically titled pseudo-intellectuals who hardly know foreign languages and claim to be "too busy" to read; who cannot write, and do not speak good Dutch (of the kind of honourable Members of Parliament - an asylum filled with self-enamoured yahoos that unfortunately has room for only a few hundred mini-brains); semi-scientific but heavily subsidized research that never yields anything but above average incomes for "scientists" of very average grocerly brains, and unreadable research reports in awful bureaucratic cant "to help the feminist movement, the trade union movement, and the environmental movement" (as the central aims of the University of Amsterdam were for many years) - in brief, The Netherlands will be governed by corrupt mandarins with an average IQ of 115. And the usual hypocritical impostures and backhanded greed, that is to say "in the name of our exemplary Dutch dumbocray, sorry: democracy".

Nothing new? Real science will become even rarer than it is, in an atmosphere filled with ten thousands, possibly hundreds of thousands Masters of Art of minimal brain size and maximal greed - for an average IQ of 115 does not precisely exclude greed, ambition, intrigue and that delicious species-searches-species trade unionist mentality).

The cultural level of societies will sink until public media-whores on the dreambox can move the population to any form of unreason. Public gangsters, frauds, parasites and eagerly upcoming dictators will be left free to do as they please - and the only social group that could have opposed them with rational arguments based on real knowledge and understanding of human civilization, will have been reduced to a set of stammering know-nothings, precisely of the level of people's parliamentarians there is already.

Nothing new, I ask again? No, indeed: Virtually the only thing we do not have yet is a populist would-be dictator that abuses the opportunity. For we have had already 25 years of postmodern education. And we live in  moronified society, that moronifies further incessantly.

Thanks to the present so called academic elite, that has let it happen while they parasited upon it: The present generation of university professors and lecturers. Après vous le déluge, quoi? [5]

Previous crisis

The title and the theme are from the New York Review of Books, where folks also seem to have noticed a theme that occupied me quite a lot since 1965, as I explained in my last Nederlog and quoted above:

- Age of Ignorance

The article is by Charles Simic, who teaches - tries to, I suppose - English at postmodern university level, whose first paragraph is this:

Widespread ignorance bordering on idiocy is our new national goal. It’s no use pretending otherwise and telling us, as Thomas Friedman did in the Times a few days ago, that educated people are the nation’s most valuable resources. Sure, they are, but do we still want them? It doesn’t look to me as if we do. The ideal citizen of a politically corrupt state, such as the one we now have, is a gullible dolt unable to tell truth from bullshit.

Yes - I think that is about it, and indeed that "new national goal" is the goal of the majority of politicians who led the United States and the Netherlands the last 40 years, for the simple reason that they understood in majority very well that only dolts would elect men and women like themselves, and so they needed a democratic majority of dolts and nitwits, played by conmen on the media, in the pay of politicians and corporations. And thus it happened, though there are more reasons than the active disinterest of politicians in a nominal democracy in an educated, competent and informed public.

What amazes me somewhat is how few saw it as I saw it. Then again, possibly it requires a really high intelligence to see many issues clearly and face them squarely, while it's also probable that more saw it than said it, because - at least if one was not already an acclaimed and accepted genius, with secured tenure for life - saying it  generally meant discrimination, job loss or removal from the university, as happened to me, three times no less.

Then again: The vast majority of the - so called - "intellectuals" of the last 40 years have been very willing and eager betrayers of the ideals of high civilization, which indeed they all actively opposed and disbelieved, and have for the most part embraced, or have pretended to embrace, educational and social ideals they knew were pure propaganda or delusions, and that consisted of levelling and more levelling and yet more levelling in all institutes of public education - schools, colleges and universities.

Thus, in Holland the public theme that ruined the schools, ruiined the colleges, ruined the universities, and deserves to rule the country ever since the 1960ies was the completely dishonest lie every Dutchman knew to be a lie:

"Everybody is of equal value" ("Iedereen is gelijkwaardig")

Therefore even the most stupid deserve access to grammar schools and universities, for denying them access would be "discrimination": The professed ideal was no longer equal chances for all in Holland, but equal treatments for all, which means that all must be treated on the level of the very and plainly mediocre at best, and therefore schools, colleges and universities were levelled so that even the stupid could finish them with a diploma or degree, which the Dutch insisted in vast majority was "their democratic right", regardless of the consequences of whoever would be exposed later to major incompetents with university degrees.

It was all dishonest hypocristy and social lying and posturing for personal advantage, for at the very same time, millions of Dutchmen believed they "KNEW" that the soccerplayer Cruyff "is a genius", while all Dutchmen discriminated all Dutchmen actively on the basis of their looks, wealth, social status and background, as all men and women seem to have done since the birth of the species.

Yet again, noting that Mr Simic is not known to me, and noting that while I much appreciate his article, I have read these last four decades very little like it, although I am one of the very few who has published in this vein since the 1970ies, and indeed I also note the theme is not completely knew, also not in the US. Here is a link to

Truth and Value

that I wrote and had published in November of 1989, that reviews Allan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind - How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today's Students."

Bloom also taught English literature at university level, and at the time I wrote his book was new, well-known and was fairly widely discussed, though clearly to little effect: It changed nothing in the ongoing process of educational levelling in universities and colleges, nor in the systematic dumbing down of schools.

To return to Mr Simic. Here is his second paragraph:

An educated, well-informed population, the kind that a functioning democracy requires, would be difficult to lie to, and could not be led by the nose by the various vested interests running amok in this country. Most of our politicians and their political advisers and lobbyists would find themselves unemployed, and so would the gasbags who pass themselves off as our opinion makers. Luckily for them, nothing so catastrophic, even though perfectly well-deserved and widely-welcome, has a remote chance of occurring any time soon. For starters, there’s more money to be made from the ignorant than the enlightened, and deceiving Americans is one of the few growing home industries we still have in this country. A truly educated populace would be bad, both for politicians and for business.

That is mostly true, if perhaps a bit idealistic, while it also does not address the real problem, which is the death of the intellectual: There are far fewer people with good to brilliant intellects who succeeded in getting a proper school and university education, such as were available in Holland, England and the US from 1865 to 1965, indeed mostly only accessible for bright students of middle class background, if they could get a scholarship, and the children of the upper class. It was economically and socially not fair, but it did provide good education to those who had access.

Secondly, the real problem is  not that there are more stupid people: It is that there are far more undereducated people, and that most persons with degrees have spend at most half of the time on the subject than was common 40 or more years ago, and learned less than half, for the standards have all been levelled and levelled again, and levelled anew, for decades, all to make it possible for almost anyone, whatever degree of mental dimness and active disinterest, to get some sort of university degree, because that was supposed to be "democratic" and "fair", though really it was all about chances on highly paying jobs, and not about education, science or civilization.

Now to Mr Simic's third paragraph:

It took years of indifference and stupidity to make us as ignorant as we are today. Anyone who has taught college over the last forty years, as I have, can tell you how much less students coming out of high school know every year. At first it was shocking, but it no longer surprises any college instructor that the nice and eager young people enrolled in your classes have no ability to grasp most of the material being taught. Teaching American literature, as I have been doing, has become harder and harder in recent years, since the students read little literature before coming to college and often lack the most basic historical information about the period in which the novel or the poem was written, including what important ideas and issues occupied thinking people at the time.

It follows from this that Mr Simic is about my age, and hence must be one of the last of that virtually extinct class of real intellectuals - and in case you might worry: The term "intellectual" will be maintained, as will be the nominal "universities" and the gowns and mortar boards - except that "intellectuals" with brighter intellects than Sarah Palin and similar "democratic leaders" will be found undesirable in most of society and nearly all the media, and will only be tolerated, humorously perhaps, in a few institutions were physics, mathematics and computing will still be taught to a few gifted ones, who then also should know their proper places: Tolerated, but neither admired nor listened to nor read by the democratic majorities.

Next, I skip a paragraph of Mr Simic, that I summarize (possibly not as he would do it) as: Postmodern white trash in the US don't read or talk: They watch TV and believe Glenn Beck, Bill O'Reilly and Fox News are reliable sources of information and for moral teachings. If they have computers, they use them to track football and porn, and not to develop their minds. And since these kinds of folks are much of the solid democratic majority and the solid consumer majority, their outlook and their taste crowds out anything else, in a society where markets and crowds rule what are to be the central norms of civilization, just as bad money and bad persons tend to drive out good money and good persons.

Mr Simic then has this:

If this lack of knowledge is the result of the years of dumbing down of high school curriculum and of families that don’t talk to their children about the past, there’s another more pernicious kind of ignorance we confront today. It is the product of years of ideological and political polarization and the deliberate effort by the most fanatical and intolerant parties in that conflict to manufacture more ignorance by lying about many aspects of our history and even our recent past.

That seems to be correct, and something similar is the case in Holland, where the Dutch white trash, formerly mostly voters for Labour (that in Holland these days is the party of the drugs mafia - Holland's largest, most profitable and most dangerous business, actively protected by Amsterdam's mafia mayors since the 1980ies - and of the top bureaucrats), now vote for neo-nazi populists, and proudly insist on the xenophobic bullshit that always has been close to "the hearts and minds" of the common people, namely that everybody who is not from their most wholesome properly Dutch kind with properly Dutch family names, must be an inferior alien, who is fit to be locked up in camps, so as to be "put on transport", or otherwise mistreated and discriminated, also by ministers, parlementarians, policemen, bureaucrats and judges: Foreigners are inferior, is the populistic sentiment all cater to, proudly, since that is what Our People want (misled by the local Glenn Becks).

Also, again rather like the US, where most politicians play up to the propaganda trash of Fox News (*), almost all Dutch politicians try to out-nazi their local neo-nazis, so as to remain voted in by the democratic majority of morons they have created on purpose, and indeed may genuinely love and admire, belonging themselves to the class of undereducated morons, as most do.

Here is more of Mr Simic:

No doubt, the Internet and cable television have allowed various political and corporate interests to spread disinformation on a scale that was not possible before, but to have it believed requires a badly educated population unaccustomed to verifying things they are being told. Where else on earth would a president who rescued big banks from bankruptcy with taxpayers’ money and allowed the rest of us to lose $12 trillion in investment, retirement, and home values be called a socialist?

Again, I see the problem a bit differently, though I mostly agree: There are hardly any more real intellectuals, though there are very many pop-intellectuals and "media-celebs" who bullshit the nation as "public intellectual", but who can't talk, who can't reason, and who have no real knowledge - all of which makes them hugely popular with the democratic majority: "Look, one of us! That one we can trust! That is no egghead! That's One Of The People!" (**)

Then there is this:

In the past, if someone knew nothing and talked nonsense, no one paid any attention to him. No more. Now such people are courted and flattered by conservative politicians and ideologues as “Real Americans” defending their country against big government and educated liberal elites. The press interviews them and reports their opinions seriously without pointing out the imbecility of what they believe. The hucksters, who manipulate them for the powerful financial interests, know that they can be made to believe anything, because, to the ignorant and the bigoted, lies always sound better than truth:

Again I agree and disagree, and the problem again is the lack of real intellectuals and also the combined lack of good journalists and of independent media, much rather than that forty or more years ago, as Mr Simic wrote: "if someone knew nothing and talked nonsense, no one paid any attention to him": Not so.

There was a lot of nonsense, bullshit and baloney then as well: There were the Vietnam War, the Cold War, abd McCarthyism, to name some, that came each with diverse lots of propaganda, misinformation and bullshit from various sources and directions,  but the real difference between now and then is that there was then a far more layered society, with a working class at the bottom, a middle class and intellectual class above it, and on top of that the ruling class of rich businessmen, politicians, and leading religious folks, while everyone, on all levels, was considerably better educated and also better informed by the media.

Now it seems there is hardly a middle class left, except in name, and as defined by income: If you are a success, you are or will be a media-celeb or sports' hero or a politician or commentator of the Palin or Beck level, and else you are a failure, a nobody from the democratic majority of purposely miseducated morons and from the ignorant class of degreed "intellectuals" with an average IQ of around 100, who are the postmodern educators of the democratic electorate with IQs under 100.

Then there is this by Mr Simic, following upon the last quotation, that ended "The hucksters, who manipulate them for the powerful financial interests, know that they can be made to believe anything, because, to the ignorant and the bigoted, lies always sound better than truth:"

Christians are persecuted in this country.
The government is coming to get your guns.
Obama is a Muslim.
Global Warming is a hoax.
The president is forcing open homosexuality on the military.
Schools push a left-wing agenda.
Social Security is an entitlement, no different from welfare.
Obama hates white people.
The life on earth is 10,000 years old and so is the universe.
The safety net contributes to poverty.
The government is taking money from you and giving it to sex-crazed college women to pay for their birth control.

One could easily list many more such commonplace delusions believed by Americans. They are kept in circulation by hundreds of right-wing political and religious media outlets whose function is to fabricate an alternate reality for their viewers and their listeners.

Indeed - but then where are the left-wing politicians? The atheists? The skeptics? The scientifically oriented? There are some, but they are crowded out, and again, they too have for the most part been under-educated.

Also, Mr Simic seems to miss the real problem, which is that ordinary men and women just are not rational nor reasonable, and have never been, and have always been the tools, toys, victims and willing executioners of those who did lead them in politics or in religion.

I have discussed these briefly in my democracy and bureaucracy plans - for my American readers, see my: Democracy-plan: Mark Twain was there first (and better) - but these eminently sensible ideas will never be realized without a revolution or a collapse of civilization as we know it in the West, a West that has spectacularly declined over the last 40 years, and has been moronified, and seems ripe for embracing authoritarian regimes or dictatorships, indeed because the democratic majority does believe bullshit of the kind Mr Simic listed, and does have the vote and owns a TV that is crowded by professional liars and deceivers, while most elected politicians seem bought by lobbyists and corporations.

Here are his final lines:

“Stupidity is sometimes the greatest of historical forces,” Sidney Hook said once. No doubt. What we have in this country is the rebellion of dull minds against the intellect. That’s why they love politicians who rail against teachers indoctrinating children against their parents’ values and resent the ones who show ability to think seriously and independently. Despite their bravado, these fools can always be counted on to vote against their self-interest. And that, as far as I’m concerned, is why millions are being spent to keep my fellow citizens ignorant.

Hook was a US philosopher, and he has a point: If folks had been a bit more intelligent, there would have been no Russian October Revolution, no rise of Hitler, nor of Mao, nor indeed of most other political or religious leaders - ordinary men and women have all through history been the willing executioners and eager dupes of political and religious leaders who abused them for their own purposes.

Also, I agree that much of the motive power of the ordinary men and women who believe the list of nonsense Mr Simic quoted is "the rebellion of dull minds against the intellect". But then they have been manipulated to feel and think as they do by able propagandists, such as exploit Fox News, and there have now passed something like forty years of successive levelling of all education in the name of equality, which has resulted in a nation where nearly all have been mis-educated and under- educated, and are continuously being lied to by nearly all of the media they watch.

So I agree my readers and I live in the age of ignorance, and I see this as probably the main problem of the age: Everything has been dumbed down; real intellectuals - the folks who are at home in both literature and maths; who know history and read 3 or more foreign languages; those who still can do mental arithmetic and write without a spellchecker - are elderly or old; while the bright minds of the generations after them - who still get born, of course - have nearly all been systematically mis- and under-educated, and excel only as specialists, in limited fields, and without any social standing comparable to "media-celebs" who have a following of millions because they may bare their vagina or excel at gangsta rap.

Is there any hope, my readers may ask. Or, if my readers are younger than me, they may think I am mistaken or exaggerate, and may feel - who knows! - looked down upon. So let me answer these points, in reverse order:

I am not looking down on people who have been much worse educated than they could have been through no fault of their own: I have protested this for 45 years know because I saw and see it as a major danger to real civilization, and as a force towards dark ages and authoritarian and dictatorial government. In fact, I think it is and has been a major theft of the human rights of what may meanwhile be over a billion folks who could and should have been much better educated than they were and are. (See Article 26 in the last link!)

Next, you can only fairly judge whether I am exaggerating if you have had or provided yourself with a good education, have at least a bright mind, and also are no spokesmen for existing governments or "educational" institutions - and in any case, all the evidence favours my and Mr Simic's readings of the situation: Those younger than us have been systematically miseducated, and have had their chances for a high and demanding education stolen from them.

Finally, as to such hope as there is:

First, Western societies may soon collapse, largely because the leading politicians are a bunch of careerist, incompetent, lying fools, deceivers or idiots, with a few exceptions, that will probably make no difference. If Western societies collapse, all bets are off. (***)

Second, the evil that has been done, mostly by my generation of leftist careerists, at least in Europe and in Holland, will take generations to undo: Those who did have a decent education are 60 or older, and all of the rest has been educated on postmodern fare, to the effect that truth doesn't exist, and that all morals are wholly relative, so there are few who can explain the virtues of real civilization and a proper education, and they risk being persecuted by local Glenn Becks e.g. as "elitarian weirdos" who do not love The Common People (Of Good Ethnicity, of course).

Third, for the really bright and dedicated there is an alternative, though it is more difficult to profit from than from a good education at a good university: The internet. This offers - while it lasts, and has not been made subject to a state's thought police and censorship and control as to what one reads, as I think is likely to happen if the present political and social climate endures or worsens - many possibilities that were until very recently undreamt of.

The problem is that it requires a good intellect and some knowledge to use well, and it also requires rather a lot of effort to give oneself the sort of education one might have gotten at Harvard or MIT, if one had had more money. Then again, it exists, and as is it offers excellent chances for the intelligent to learn things of many kinds. (And in case you're interested: There is the Khan Academy, and there are quite a few good videos and teaching materials from Stanford and MIT on quite a few topics.)

Fourth, there still are and probably will remain some university studies that teach real science - physics, chemistry, mathematics, computing, engineering, medicine - on a high level, to the happy few who can afford an enormous study loan and are willing and able to work hard. Then again, this is unlikely to have major social consequences, apart from guaranteeing there will be a small elite that can keep technology working and to assure Our Beloved Leaders longevity and health.

Fifth and last, the damage has been done: A good education for all has not existed for at least 30 years now, and what exists as school or university education is for a considerable part instruction in posturing, rituals and propaganda, and is taught by persons who in vast majority are not qualified to teach their subjects on any high level, if at all.

And that is why Mr Simic is right: You and he and I live in the Age of Ignorance, where the Revered Worthies - the Masters of Thought, the Real Wizards Trusted by Ordinary Men, the Oracles and Augurs of the Age  - are folks like Glenn Beck, Bill O'Reilly, Sean Hannity and Ann Coulter, and all questions of policy are precooked by professional propagandists to be "democratically decided" by the majority of the clueless, the stupid, the prejudiced or the ignorant.

It will not last long, and may soon be replaced by an Age of Terror, I'm afraid. As often, I hope I am mistaken, but then again I have often been right while in a very small minority, usually of one.

Previous crisis

P.S. From Guiccardini's "History of Italy" ("Storia Italia"), reporting on what was being said circa 1495 in Florence concerning democracy:

"Guidantonio Vespucci, a famous lawyer and a man of remarkable intelligence and skill, spoke as follows:

'If, most worthy citizens, a government organized in the manner proposed (..) produced the desired results as easily as they are described, it would certainly be perverse of anyone to wish for any other form of government for our country. It would be a wicked civilian who did not passionately love a form of republic in which the virtues, merits and abilities of men were organized above all else.

But I do not understand how one can hope that a system placed entirely in the hands of the people  can be full of such benefits.

For I know that reason teaches, experience shows and the authority of wise men confirms that in so great a multitude there is not to be found such prudence, such experience and such discipline as to lead us to expect that the wise will be preferred to the ignorant, the good to the bad, and the experienced to those who have never handled any affairs whatever.

For as one cannot hope for sound judgement from an unlearned and unexperienced judge, so from a people full of confusion and ignorance one cannot except - except by chance - a prudent and reasonable election or decision.

Are we to believe that an inexpert, untrained multitude made up of such a variety of minds, conditions and customs, and entirely absorbed in their own personal affairs, can distinguish and understand what in public government wise men, thinking of nothing else, find difficult to understand?

Quite apart from the fact that each person's self-conceit will lead them all to desire honors - and it will not be enough for men to in the popular government to enjoy the honest fruits of liberty - they will all aspire to the highest posts and to take part in the decisions on the most diffciult and important matters.

In us less than in any other city there rules the modesty of giving way to the man who knows best or who has the most merit.

But if we persuade ourselves that we must be by right all equal in all things, the proper positions of virtue and ability will be confused when it rests with the judgments of the multitude.

And this greed spreading to the majority will ensure that the most powerful will be those who know and deserve least; for as they are more numerous, they will have more power in a state organized in such a way that opinions are merely numbered and not weighed.'"

See also my Political Texts, Machiavelli, Ortega y Gasset, Mark Twain and - for Dutch readers - ME in Amsterdam and my comment to Multatuli's idea 119.

Notes

(*) The proprietor of Fox News very well may have the Dutch neo-nazi with the Marilyn Monroe hairdo in pay, that one may not call a neo-nazi in Holland, because Our Leader has not yet declared Jews are better off in Israel, and he may throw a fit in parliament. In any case, there is a remarkable similarity in themes, outlook and terms between the US Mr Beck and the Dutch Mr Wilders, and that can hardly be a coincidence, while Mr Wilders since many years has refused to clarify whence his money comes. (Sources close to the GOP, is the informed Dutch feeling.)

(**) There is a class of "academics" who will insist that I must be mistaken, because there are such men as Bill Maher, Jon Stewart and the late George Carlin, who clearly are intelligent, informed and quite popular. I agree, to an extent: First, while popular they are not popular with the democratic majority of the electorate, and also neither Karl Kraus nor Berthold Brecht, popular as they were in their time in Germany and Austria, were able to stop Hitler from rising to power. Second, in order to be heard, they must present their ideas as comedians, while trying to do battle with the sick clowns of trash like Beck and O'Reilly, who count as serious commentators or sources of information with far more than the number of folks who can see that Maher, Stewart and Carlin are certainly more honest and more intelligent that the current leaders of opinion in the US.

(***) Is it bad if Western civilization falls apart? This may sound like a silly question, but I raise it so as to suggest the relevance of Zamyatin, Orwell and Zinoviev, and the last is a link to my On Zinoviev's Theory of (Soviet) Man from which you may infer what I am thinking of: What if the alternative is an authoritarian state where all are controlled by implanted chips overseen by our kind comrades from Big Brother's Thought police? That is technologically feasible, it seems, and once instituted "in everybody's real interest, and to fight Terorism", it may last for centuries.
 


P.S.
Corrections, if any are necessary, have to be made later.
-- Mar 29, 2012: In put the P.S. in the text that I yesterday forgot.
 

 

As to ME/CFS (that I prefer to call ME):
1.  Anthony Komaroff Ten discoveries about the biology of CFS (pdf)
2.  Malcolm Hooper THE MENTAL HEALTH MOVEMENT: 
PERSECUTION OF PATIENTS?
3.  Hillary Johnson The Why
4.  Consensus of M.D.s Canadian Consensus Government Report on ME (pdf)
5.  Eleanor Stein Clinical Guidelines for Psychiatrists (pdf)
6.  William Clifford The Ethics of Belief
7.  Paul Lutus

Is Psychology a Science?

8.  Malcolm Hooper Magical Medicine (pdf)
9.
 Maarten Maartensz
ME in Amsterdam - surviving in Amsterdam with ME (Dutch)
10.
 Maarten Maartensz Myalgic Encephalomyelitis

Short descriptions of the above:                

1. Ten reasons why ME/CFS is a real disease by a professor of medicine of Harvard.
2. Long essay by a professor emeritus of medical chemistry about maltreatment of ME.
3. Explanation of what's happening around ME by an investigative journalist.
4. Report to Canadian Government on ME, by many medical experts.
5. Advice to psychiatrist by a psychiatrist who understa, but nds ME is an organic disease
6. English mathematical genius on one's responsibilities in the matter of one's beliefs:

7. A space- and computer-scientist takes a look at psychology.
8. Malcolm Hooper puts things together status 2010.
9. I tell my story of surviving (so far) in Amsterdam/ with ME.
10. The directory on my site about ME.



See also: ME -Documentation and ME - Resources
The last has many files, all on my site to keep them accessible.
 


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