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Nederlog
Jan 11, 2012               

      

10 years of Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp

 

I am still not feeling well, what with ME/CFS, and therefore only copy some information from Wikipedia, status today, from

Guantanamo Bay detention camp (<-Wikipedia)

I copy in the order it appears in the lemma. Deletions are marked by "(..)". The titles that follow as section headings are as in the original, except for those in square brackets that I inserted for clarification. I deleted some links to not directly relevant items, and to notes. The last section is a repeat from my Nederlog for Jan 5 last:


[Introduction]
[From Common Article 3] (Other Wikipedia article)
Detainees
Operating procedures
Conditions
Prisoner complaints
Suicides and suicide attempts


The times they are a'changin times 2


Torture and the United States (Other Wikipedia article)


Guantanamo Bay detention camp

[Introduction]

The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is an extrajudicial detainment and interrogation facility of the United States located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba.
(..)
After the US Department of Justice advised that the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could be considered outside U.S. legal jurisdiction, the first twenty captives arrived at Guantanamo on January 11, 2002. After the Bush administration asserted that detainees were not entitled to any of the protections of the Geneva Conventions, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld on June 29, 2006, that they were entitled to the minimal protections listed under Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions.

[From Common Article 3]

(..)

When the provisions of this article apply, it states that:

  • Persons taking no active part in hostilities, including military persons who have ceased to be active as a result of sickness, injury, or detention, should be treated humanely and that the following acts are prohibited:
  • violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;
  • taking of hostages;
  • outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment; and
  • the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples.
  • The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for.

(..) [Back to the Guantanamo detention camp lemma]

After the United Nations called unsuccessfully for the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to be closed, one judge observed 'America's idea of what is torture ... does not appear to coincide with that of most civilised nations'.
(...)

Detainees
(...)
Since October 7, 2001, when the current war in Afghanistan began, 775 detainees have been brought to Guantanamo. Of these, most have been released without charge or transferred to facilities in their home countries.
(..)

Operating procedures

(..)
On July 2, 2008, the International Herald Tribune revealed in an article that the U.S. military trainers who came to Guantánamo Bay in December 2002 had based an entire interrogation class on a chart copied directly from a 1957 Air Force study of Chinese Communist torture techniques used during the Korean War to obtain confessions. The chart showed the effects of "coercive management techniques" for possible use on prisoners, including "sleep deprivation," "prolonged constraint" (also known as "stress positions"), and "exposure". The 1957 article from which the chart was copied, written by Alfred D. Biderman, a sociologist then working for the Air Force, was entitled "Communist Attempts to Elicit False Confessions From Air Force Prisoners of War." Other techniques used by the Chinese Communists that were listed on the chart include "Semi-Starvation," "Exploitation of Wounds," and "Filthy, Infested Surroundings," along with their effects: "Makes Victim Dependent on Interrogator," "Weakens Mental and Physical Ability to Resist," and "Reduces Prisoner to 'Animal Level' Concerns." The only change made to the chart used at Guantánamo was an altered title.
(..)

Conditions

Supporters of controversial techniques have declared that certain protections of the Third Geneva Convention do not apply to al-Qaeda or Taliban fighters, claiming that Article III of the Geneva convention only applies to uniformed soldiers and guerrillas who wear distinctive insignia, bear arms openly, and abide by the rules of war.
(..)
Critics of U.S. policy say the government has violated the Conventions in attempting to create a distinction between "prisoners of war" and "illegal combatants." Amnesty International has called the situation "a human rights scandal" in a series of reports.
(..)

Red Cross inspectors and released detainees have alleged acts of torture, including sleep deprivation, beatings and locking in confined and cold cells. Human rights groups argue that indefinite detention constitutes torture.

The use of Guantánamo Bay as a military prison has drawn criticism from human rights organizations and others, who cite reports that detainees have been tortured or otherwise poorly treated.
(..)

Prisoner complaints

Three British Muslim prisoners, now known in the media as the "Tipton Three", were released in 2004 without charge. The three have alleged ongoing torture, sexual degradation, forced drugging and religious persecution being committed by U.S. forces at Guantánamo Bay. Former Guantanamo detainee Mehdi Ghezali was freed without charge on July 9, 2004, after two and a half years internment. Ghezali has claimed that he was the victim of repeated torture. Omar Deghayes alleges he was blinded by pepper spray during his detention. Juma Al Dossary claims he was interrogated hundreds of times, beaten, tortured with broken glass, barbed wire, burning cigarettes, and sexual assaults.
(..)
Forced feeding accusations by hunger-striking detainees began in the fall of 2005: "Detainees said large feeding tubes were forcibly shoved up their noses and down into their stomachs, with guards using the same tubes from one patient to another. The detainees say no sedatives were provided during these procedures, which they allege took place in front of U.S. physicians, including the head of the prison hospital." "A hunger striking detainee at Guantánamo Bay wants a judge to order the removal of his feeding tube so he can be allowed to die, one of his lawyers has said."
(..)

Suicides and suicide attempts

By 2008 there had been at least four suicides and hundreds of suicide attempts in Guantánamo that are in public knowledge.

During August 2003, there were 23 suicide attempts. The U.S. officials would not say why they had not previously reported the incident. After this event the Pentagon reclassified suicides as "manipulative self-injurious behaviors" because it is alleged by camp physicians that detainees do not genuinely wish to end their lives. Guantanamo Bay soldiers officials have reported 41 unsuccessful suicide attempts by 25 detainees since the U.S. began taking prisoners to the base in January 2002. Defense lawyers contend the number of suicide attempts is higher. On May 19, 2002, a UN panel said that holding detainees indefinitely at Guantánamo violated the world's ban on torture and that the United States should close the detention center.

(..)


The times they are a'changin times 2

The times they are a'changin'-1964 The times they are a'changin'-2012
Come gather 'round people
Wherever you roam 
And admit that the waters
Around you has grown
And accept it that soon
You'll be drenched to the bone
If your time to you
Is worth savin'       
Then you better start swimmin'  
Or you'll sink like a stone
For the times they are a-changin'.

Come writers and critics
Who prophesize with your pen
And keep your eyes wide  
The chance won't come again 
And don't speak too soon 
For the wheel's still in spin
And there's no tellin' who
That it's namin'.
For the loser now 
Will be later to win

For the times they are a-changin'.

Come senators, congressmen
Please heed the call 
Don't stand in the doorway
Don't block up the hall
For he that gets hurt 
Will be he who has stalled
There's a battle outside ragin'.
It'll soon shake your windows
And rattle your walls
For the times they are a-changin'.

Come mothers and fathers
Throughout the land
And don't criticize   
What you can't understand
Your sons and your daughters
Are beyond your command
Your old road is
Rapidly agin'. 
Please get out of the new one 
If you can't lend your hand
For the times they are a-changin'.

The line it is drawn
The curse it is cast 
The slow one now 
Will later be fast  
As the present now
Will later be past
The order is
Rapidly fadin'.   
And the first one now   
Will later be last
For the times they are a-changin'.

Come gather 'round people
Wherever you roam 
And admit waterboarding
Around you has grown
And accept it that soon
You may be drowned by a wave
If your life to you
Seems worth saving
You must be protesting
Or you'll drown like a slave
For the times they are a-changin'.

Come bloggers and writers
Whoever you may be
Don't let them blight us
We must remain free
You can't speak too soon
Or you'll be drowned too
Since there's no tellin' who
Will be tellin' on you
When torture is normal
And may happen to you

For the times they are a-changin'.

Go senators, congressmen
You betrayed our land
You betrayed us for pay
We all understand
You want us repressed
Because we protest
There's a battle outside ragin'.
It'll soon shake your windows
And rattle your walls
For the times they are a-changin'.

Come mothers and fathers
Throughout the land
Your sons and your daughters
In camps they will end
Waterboarded and tortured
On the highest command
Justice is dead
Injustice's ragin'
Forever detained in chains and in pain
Secret detention just is insane
For the times they are a-changin'.

The law has been passed
The curse has been cast
The camps will be filled
With folks to be killed
Just cause they thought
Not as they ought
Real justice is
Rapidly fadin'.   
No trial = no right:
Stand up and fight

For the times they are a-changin'.

Bob Dylan

Maarten Maartensz

For background see:

Torture and the United States  (<-Wikipedia)|



P.S.
Corrections, if any are necessary, have to be made later. 
 

 

As to ME/CFS (that I prefer to call ME):
1.  Anthony Komaroff Ten discoveries about the biology of CFS (pdf)
2.  Malcolm Hooper THE MENTAL HEALTH MOVEMENT: 
PERSECUTION OF PATIENTS?
3.  Hillary Johnson The Why
4.  Consensus of M.D.s Canadian Consensus Government Report on ME (pdf)
5.  Eleanor Stein Clinical Guidelines for Psychiatrists (pdf)
6.  William Clifford The Ethics of Belief
7.  Paul Lutus

Is Psychology a Science?

8.  Malcolm Hooper Magical Medicine (pdf)
9.
 Maarten Maartensz
ME in Amsterdam - surviving in Amsterdam with ME (Dutch)
10.
 Maarten Maartensz Myalgic Encephalomyelitis

Short descriptions of the above:                

1. Ten reasons why ME/CFS is a real disease by a professor of medicine of Harvard.
2. Long essay by a professor emeritus of medical chemistry about maltreatment of ME.
3. Explanation of what's happening around ME by an investigative journalist.
4. Report to Canadian Government on ME, by many medical experts.
5. Advice to psychiatrist by a psychiatrist who understands ME is an organic disease
6. English mathematical genius on one's responsibilities in the matter of one's beliefs:

7. A space- and computer-scientist takes a look at psychology.
8. Malcolm Hooper puts things together status 2010.
9. I tell my story of surviving (so far) in Amsterdam/ with ME.
10. The directory on my site about ME.



See also: ME -Documentation and ME - Resources
The last has many files, all on my site to keep them accessible.
 


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