Nederlog

 

 May 3, 2011

 

me+ME: On medical sadism - 2

 

   "We never hurt each other but by error or    by malice." 
   (Sir Robert Chambers,
    possibly inspired by Dr. Johnson)

This is the second of what is meant to become a series on the subject of medical sadism, since I have learned that this is an important subject, that ought to get more attention and study than it gets, mostly because the medical men and women themselves rather do not discuss their own living colleagues, nor do they have an interest in speaking of abuses of their science, unless it happened long ago (and preferably far away).

The first part is here, and today I will mainly copy information from this link

I do this to support my argument about medical sadism, in this case specifically (1) that it exists; (2) that it is often not met morally or legally in a proper way, especially if it involves the interests of living medical or political persons; and (3) that it is relevant to know about for patients with ME, because some of the leading 'medical authorities' concerning ME/CFS fa squarely in the class of medical sadists.

Most of the present text is not directly concerned with ME, but consists of quotations from the above link, so as to have some fact based perspective, but I will say some about experimenting on children with ME in my first section, and about the merits and demerits of 'fact checking' and Wikipedia in my third section of today, and I number my sections consecutively from yesterday's text about the same subject.

Today's sections

4. Medical ethics, human rights and experimenting on children
5. A collection of unethical human experimention in the US
6. On fact checking and Wikipedia

4. Medical ethics, human rights and experimenting on children

I start with repeating a quotation from yesterday that is helpful and relevant, namely from the Wikipedia lemma "Medical Ethics"

Six of the values that commonly apply to medical ethics discussions are:

  • Autonomy - the patient has the right to refuse or choose their treatment. (Voluntas aegroti suprema lex.)
  • Beneficence - a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient. (Salus aegroti suprema lex.)
  • Non-maleficence - "first, do no harm" (primum non nocere).
  • Justice - concerns the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment (fairness and equality).
  • Dignity - the patient (and the person treating the patient) have the right to dignity.
  • Truthfulness and honesty - the concept of informed consent has increased in importance since the historical events of the Doctors' Trial of the Nuremberg trials and Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

Next, here is a link to how I see my own position in Amsterdam with ME, with reference to the Declaration of Human Rights, that are - formally - part of the Dutch laws:

You'll find the Declaration of Human Rights quoted in full in the last point of the last link.

To conclude this section, here are some references to medical experiments on children with ME that are sanctioned by British so called "ethics commissions", that are  sanctioning brainwashing and forced labour on children with ME in the name of science, but in fact are only in the interests of some rather insane sounding alternative quackery, and some corrupted or hardly sane British medical folks serving the interests of these alternative quacks from professor Simon Wessely's stable of British quacks-for-hire:

As to experimenting on children, see the next section.

5. A collection of unethical human experimention in the US

This section consists of quotes from Wikipedia's Unethical human experimentation in the United States. I have copied the material from Wikipedia - on May 1 - 3 2011 -but removed a considerable number of links, as not relevant for my argument and available on Wikipedia. You can find them all in the original.

Warnings: 1. The quotations that follow are not good for one's mood, especially if one is inclined to depression, nor will they contribute to one's faith in the US health authorities. 2. In the next section I'll say some about fact checking and Wikipedia. 3. A considerable part of what follows is rather old. One good reason for this is that it is both difficult and dangerous to find similar material about living persons, especially if these are medical doctors working for the state. 4. My purpose quoting this is to establish that "medical sadism" is not a figment of my imagination, and rather more common, also in the US, than e.g. I myself believed before reading the following.

Throughout the 1840s, J. Marion Sims, who is often referred to as "the father of gynecology", performed surgical experiments on enslaved African women, without anaesthesia. The women—one of whom was operated on 30 times—regularly died from infections resulting from the experiments.[1] In order to test one of his theories about the causes of trismus in infants, Sims performed experiments where he used a shoemaker's awl to move around the skull bones of the babies of enslaved women.

In 1896, Dr. Arthur Wentworth performed spinal taps on 29 young children, without the knowledge or consent of their parents, at the Children's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts to discover if doing so would be harmful.

From 1913 to 1951, Dr. Leo Stanley, chief surgeon at the San Quentin Prison, performed a wide variety of experiments on hundreds of prisoners at San Quentin. Many of the experiments involved testicular implants, where Stanley would take the testicles out of executed prisoners and surgically implant them into living prisoners. In other experiments, he attempted to implant the testicles of rams, goats, and boars into living prisoners. Stanley also performed various eugenics experiments, and forced sterilizations on San Quentin prisoners. Stanley believed that his experiments would rejuvenate old men, control crime (which he believed had biological causes), and prevent the "unfit" from reproducing.

In the 1880s, in Hawaii, a California physician working at a hospital for lepers injected twelve young girls under the age of 12 with syphilis.

In 1895, the New York pediatrician Henry Heiman intentionally infected two "idiots" (mentally disabled boys)—one 4-year-old and one 16-year old—with gonorrhea as part of a medical experiment. A review of the medical literature of the late 19th and early 20th century found that there were more than forty reports of experimental infections with gonorrheal culture, including some where gonorrheal organisms were applied to the eyes of sick children.

In 1908, three Philadelphia researchers infected dozens of children with tuberculin at the St. Vincent's House orphanage in Philadelphia, causing permanent blindness in some of the children, and painful lesions and inflammation of the eyes in many of the other children. In the study, they referred to the children as "material used".

n 1911, Dr. Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research injected 146 hospital patients (some of whom were children) with syphilis.

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment[15] was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama, by the U.S. Public Health Service. In the experiment, 400 impoverished black males who had syphilis, were offered "treatment" by the researchers, who told the test subjects that they were treating them for the disease, but in reality did nothing—even though they possessed penicillin, which was known to cure the deadly disease at the time—so that they could observe the effects of syphilis on the human body. By the end of the study in 1972, only 74 of the test subjects were alive.

In 1941 Dr. William C. Black inoculated a twelve month old baby "offered as a volunteer" with herpes. He submitted his research to The Journal of Experimental Medicine and it was rejected on ethical grounds, but the Journal of Pediatrics published it.

The Stateville Penitentiary Malaria Study was a controlled study of the effects of malaria on the prisoners of Stateville Penitentiary near Joliet, Illinois beginning in the 1940s. The study was conducted by the Department of Medicine at the University of Chicago in conjunction with the United States Army and the State Department. At the Nuremberg trials, Nazi doctors cited the malaria experiments as part of their defense.

In a 1946 to 1948 study in Guatemala, U.S. researchers used prostitutes to infect prison inmates, insane asylum patients, and Guatemalan soldiers with syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases, in order to test the effectiveness of penicillin in treating sexually transmitted diseases. They later tried infecting people with "direct inoculations made from syphilis bacteria poured into the men's penises and on forearms and faces that were slightly abraded . . . or in a few cases through spinal punctures". Approximately 700 people were infected as part of the study (including orphan children). The study was sponsored by the Public Health Service, the National Institutes of Health and the Pan American Health Sanitary Bureau (now the World Health Organization's Pan American Health Organization) and the Guatemalan government. The team was led by John Charles Cutler, who later participated in the Tuskegee syphilis experiments. Cutler chose to do the study in Guatemala because he would not have been permitted to do it in the United States. These criminal experiments are known as: Guatemala syphilis experiment.

In 1950, in order to conduct a simulation of a biological warfare attack, the US Navy used airplanes to spray large quantities of the bacteria Serratia marcescens over the city of San Francisco, California, which caused numerous citizens to contract pneumonia-like illnesses, and killed at least one person.

Also in 1950, Dr. Joseph Stokes of the University of Pennsylvania deliberately infected 200 female prisoners with viral hepatitis.

In 1952, Sloan-Kettering Institute researcher Chester M. Southam injected live cancer cells into prisoners at the Ohio State Prison. Half of the prisoners in this NIH-sponsored study were black.(..) Also at Sloan-Kettering, 300 healthy women were injected with live cancer cells without being told. The doctors stated that they knew at the time that it might cause cancer.

In 1955, the CIA conducted a biological warfare experiment where they released whooping cough bacteria from boats outside of Tampa Bay, Florida, causing a whooping cough epidemic in the city, and killing at least 12 people

In 1956 and 1957, several U.S. Army biological warfare experiments were conducted on the cities of Savannah, Georgia and Avon Park, Florida. In the experiments, Army bio-warfare researchers released millions of infected mosquitoes on the two towns, in order to see if the insects could potentially spread yellow fever and dengue fever. Hundreds of residents contracted a wide array of illnesses, including fevers, respiratory problems, stillbirths, encephalitis, and typhoid. Army researchers pretended to be public health workers, so that they could photograph and perform medical tests on the victims. Several people died as a result of the experiments.

In 1962, twenty-two elderly patients at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital in Brooklyn, New York were injected with live cancer cells by Chester M. Southam, who in 1952 had done the same to prisoners at the Ohio State Prison, in order to "discover the secret of how healthy bodies fight the invasion of malignant cells". (..) Two years later, the American Cancer Society elected him as their Vice President.

Researchers in the United States have performed thousands of human radiation experiments to determine the effects of atomic radiation and radioactive contamination on the human body, generally on people who were poor, sick, or powerless. (..) Most of these tests were performed, funded, or supervised by the United States military, Atomic Energy Commission, or various other US federal government agencies.

The experiments included a wide array of studies, involving things like feeding radioactive food to mentally disabled children or conscientious objectors, inserting radium rods into the noses of school children, deliberately releasing radioactive chemicals over U.S. and Canadian cities, measuring the health effects of radioactive fallout from nuclear bomb tests, injecting pregnant women and babies with radioactive chemicals, and irradiating the testicles of prison inmates, amongst other things.

In 1953, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) ran several studies on the health effects of radioactive iodine in newborns and pregnant women at the University of Iowa. In one study, researchers gave pregnant women from 100 to 200 microcuries of iodine-131, in order to study the women's aborted embryos in an attempt to discover at what stage, and to what extent, radioactive iodine crosses the placental barrier. In another study, they gave 25 newborn babies (who were under 36 hours old and weighed from 5.5 to 8.5 lbs) iodine-131, either by oral administration or through an injection, so that they could measure the amount of iodine in their thyroid glands.

Between 1946 and 1947, researchers at the University of Rochester injected uranium-234 and uranium-235 in dosages ranging from 6.4 to 70.7 micrograms per kilogram of body weight into six people to study how much uranium their kidneys could tolerate before becoming damaged.

In 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project, three patients at Billings Hospital at the University of Chicago were injected with plutonium.

Immediately after World War II, researchers at Vanderbilt University gave 829 pregnant mothers in Tennessee what they were told were "vitamin drinks" that would improve the health of their babies, but were, in fact, mixtures containing radioactive iron, to determine how fast the radioisotope crossed into the placenta.

From 1946 to 1953, at the Walter E. Fernald State School in Massachusetts, in an experiment sponsored by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the Quaker Oats corporation, 73 mentally disabled children were fed oatmeal containing radioactive calcium and other radioisotopes, in order to track "how nutrients were digested".

In the 1950s, researchers at the Medical College of Virginia performed experiments on severe burn victims, most of them poor and black, without their knowledge or consent, with funding from the Army and in collaboration with the AEC. In the experiments, the subjects were exposed to additional burning, experimental antibiotic treatment, and injections of radioactive isotopes.

In another study at the Walter E. Fernald State School, in 1956, researchers gave mentally disabled children radioactive calcium orally and intravenously. They also injected radioactive chemicals into malnourished babies and then pushed needles through their skulls, into their brains, through their necks, and into their spines to collect cerebrospinal fluid for analysis.

Between 1960 and 1971, the Department of Defense funded non-consensual whole body radiation experiments on poor, black cancer patients, who were not told what was being done to them. Patients were told that they were receiving a "treatment" that might cure their cancer, but in reality the Pentagon was attempting to determine the effects of high levels of radiation on the human body. One of the doctors involved in the experiments, Robert Stone, was worried about litigation by the patients, so he only referred to them by their initials on the medical reports. He did this so that, in his words, "there will be no means by which the patients can ever connect themselves up with the report", in order to prevent "either adverse publicity or litigation".

From 1960 to 1971, Dr. Eugene Saenger, funded by the Defense Atomic Support Agency, performed whole body radiation experiments on more than 90 poor, black Americans at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center. He forged consent forms, and did not tell them what he was doing (they thought they were receiving medical care). He exposed their chests to 100 rads of radiation (the equivalent of about 7500 x-rays), which caused intense pain, vomiting, and bleeding from their nose and ears. At least eight, and as many as 20, of the subjects died as a result of the experiments

From 1963 to 1973, a leading endocrinologist, Dr. Carl Heller, irradiated the testicles of Oregon and Washington prisoners. In return for their participation, he gave them $5 a month, and $100 when they had to receive a vasectomy upon conclusion of the trial. The surgeon who sterilized the men said that it was necessary to "keep from contaminating the general population with radiation-induced mutants". One of the researchers who had worked with Keller on the experiments, Dr. Joseph Hamilton, said that the experiments "had a little of the Buchenwald touch"

A 1953 article in the medical/scientific journal Clinical Science (..) described a medical experiment in which researchers intentionally blistered the skin on the abdomens of 41 children, who ranged in age from 8 to 14, using cantharide. The study was performed to determine how severely the substance injures/irritates the skin of children. After the studies, the children's blistered skin was removed with scissors and swabbed with peroxide.[

From approximately 1951 to 1974, the Holmesburg State Prison in Pennsylvania was the site of extensive dermatological research operations, using prisoners as subjects. Led by Dr. Albert M. Kligman of the University of Pennsylvania, the studies were performed on behalf of Dow Chemical Company, the U.S. Army, and Johnson & Johnson.

In one of the studies, for which Dow Chemical paid Kligman $10,000, Kligman injected dioxin—a highly toxic, carcinogenic component of Agent Orange, which Dow was manufacturing for use in Vietnam at the time—into 70 prisoners (most of them bl

Kligman later continued his dioxin studies, increasing the dosage of dioxin he applied to 10 prisoners' skin to 7,500 micrograms of dioxin, which is 468 times the dosage that the Dow Chemical official Gerald K. Rowe had authorized him to administer.

The United States government funded and performed numerous psychological experiments, especially during the Cold War era. Many of these experiments were performed to help develop more effective torture and interrogation techniques for the U.S. military and intelligence agencies, and to develop techniques for resisting torture at the hands of enemy nations and organizations.

Shortly thereafter, in 1950, the CIA initiated Project Bluebird, later renamed Project Artichoke, whose stated purpose was to develop "the means to control individuals through special interrogation techniques", "way[s] to prevent the extraction of information from CIA agents", and "offensive uses of unconventional techniques, such as hypnosis and drugs". The purpose of the project was outlined in a memo dated January 1952 that stated, "Can we get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self preservation?"

In 1952, professional tennis player Harold Blauer died when injected with a fatal dose of a mescaline derivative at the New York State Psychiatric Institute of Columbia University, by Dr. James Cattell. The United States Department of Defense, which sponsored the injection, worked in collusion with the Department of Justice, and the New York State Attorney General to conceal evidence of its involvement for 23 years. Cattell claimed that he did not know what the army had given him to inject into Blauer, saying: "We didn't know whether it was dog piss or what we were giving him."

In 1953, the CIA placed several of its interrogation and mind-control programs under the direction of a single program, known by the code name MKULTRA, after CIA director Allen Dulles complained about not having enough "human guinea pigs to try these extraordinary techniques".

The MKULTRA project was under the direct command of Dr. Sidney Gottlieb of the Technical Services Division. (..) The project received over $25 million, and involved hundreds of experiments on human subjects at eighty different institutions.

In a memo describing the purpose of one MKULTRA program subprogram, Richard Helms said:

We intend to investigate the development of a chemical material which causes a reversible, nontoxic aberrant mental state, the specific nature of which can be reasonably well predicted for each individual. This material could potentially aid in discrediting individuals, eliciting information, and implanting suggestions and other forms of mental control.
—Richard Helms, internal CIA memo

In 1957, with funding from a CIA front organization, Dr. Ewan Cameron of the Allan Memorial Institute in Montreal, Canada began MKULTRA Subproject 68. His experiments were designed to first "depattern" individuals, erasing their minds and memories—reducing them to the mental level of an infant—and then to "rebuild" their personality in a manner of his choosing.

To achieve this, Cameron placed patients under his "care" into drug-induced comas for up to 88 days, and applied numerous high voltage electric shocks to them over the course of weeks or months, often administering up to 360 shocks per person. He would then perform what he called "psychic driving" experiments on the subjects, where he would repetitively play recorded statements, such as "You are a good wife and mother and people enjoy your company", through speakers he had implanted into blacked-out football helmets that he bound to the heads of the test subjects (for sensory deprivation purposes). The patients could do nothing but listen to these messages, played for 16–20 hours a day, for weeks at a time. In one case, Cameron forced a person to listen to a message non-stop for 101 days. Using CIA funding, Cameron converted the horse stables behind Allen Memorial into an elaborate isolation and sensory deprivation chamber which he kept patients locked in for weeks at a time. (..) Cameron also induced insulin comas in his subjects by giving them large injections of insulin, twice a day for up to two months at a time. Several of the children who Cameron experimented on were sexually abused, in at least one case by several men. One of the children was filmed numerous times performing sexual acts with high-ranking federal government officials, in a scheme set up by Cameron and other MKULTRA researchers, to blackmail the officials to ensure further funding for the experiments.

The CIA leadership had serious concerns about their unethical and illegal behavior, as evidenced in a 1957 Inspector General Report, which stated:

Precautions must be taken not only to protect operations from exposure to enemy forces but also to conceal these activities from the American public in general. The knowledge that the agency is engaging in unethical and illicit activities would have serious repurcussions in political and diplomatic circles ...
—1957 CIA Inspector General Report[

Cameron regularly traveled around the U.S. teaching military personnel about his techniques (hooding of prisoners for sensory deprivation, prolonged isolation, humiliation, etc.), and how they could be used in interrogations. Latin American paramilitary groups working for the CIA and U.S. military received training in these psychological techniques at places like the School of the Americas, and even today, many of the torture techniques developed in the MKULTRA studies and other programs are being used at U.S. military and CIA prisons such as Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib.

From 1964 to 1968, the U.S. Army paid $386,486 to professors Albert Kligman and Herbert W. Copelan to perform experiments with mind-altering drugs on 320 inmates of Holmesburg Prison. The goal of the study was to determine the minimum effective dose of each drug needed to disable 50 percent of any given population. Kligman and Copelan initially claimed that they were unaware of any long-term health effects the drugs could have on prisoners, however, documents later revealed that this was not the case.

n August 2010, the U.S. weapons manufacturer Raytheon announced that it had partnered with a jail in Castaic, California in order to use prisoners as test subjects for a new non-lethal weapon system that "fires an invisible heat beam capable of causing unbearable pain."

In 1939, at the Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home in Davenport, Iowa, twenty-two children were the subjects of the so-called "monster" experiment. This experiment attempted to use psychological abuse to induce children who spoke normally to stutter. The experiment was designed by Dr. Wendell Johnson, one of the nation's most prominent speech pathologists, for the purpose of testing one of his theories on the cause of stuttering

At Harvard University, in the late 1940s, researchers began performing experiments where they tested diethylstilbesterol, a synthetic estrogen, on pregnant women at the Lying-In Hospital of the University of Chicago. The women experienced an abnormally high number of miscarriages and babies with low birth weight. None of the women were told that they were being experimented on.

From early 1940 until 1953, Dr. Lauretta Bender, a highly respected pediatric neuropsychiatrist who practiced at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, performed electroshock experiments on at least 100 children. The children's ages ranged from 3–12 years. Some reports indicate that she may have performed such experiments on more than 200. Electroconvulsive treatment was used on more than 500 children at Bellevue Hospital from 1942 to 1956, including Bender's experiments, and then at Creedmoor State Hospital Children's Service from 1956 to 1969. Publicly, Bender claimed that the results of the "therapy" were positive, but in private memos, she expressed frustration over mental health issues caused by the treatments.

During the Nuremberg trials, several of the Nazi doctors and scientists who were being tried for their human experiments, claimed that the inspiration for their studies had come from studies that they had seen performed in the United States. In 1945, as part of Operation Paperclip, the United States government recruited 1,600 Nazi scientists, many of whom had performed horrific human experimentation in Nazi concentration camps. The scientists were offered immunity from any war crimes they had committed during the course of their work for the Nazi government, in return for doing research for the United States government. Many of the Nazi scientists continued their human experimentation when they arrived in the United States.

A secret AEC document dated April 17, 1947, titled Medical Experiments in Humans stated: "It is desired that no document be released which refers to experiments with humans that might have an adverse reaction on public opinion or result in legal suits. Documents covering such fieldwork should be classified Secret."

At the same time, the Public Health Service was instructed to tell citizens downwind from bomb tests that the increases in cancers were due to neurosis, and that women with radiation sickness, hair loss, and burned skin were suffering from "housewife syndrome".

So far for the quotes from Wikipedia's Unethical human experimentation in the United States. As I mentioned before, I have removed most links, but I left standing what seems relevant to understand what is said, either medically or politically or institutionally.

6. On fact checking and Wikipedia

It makes sense at this point to make some remarks on the merits of so called 'fact checking' and of the Wikipedia, mainly for three reasons:

(1) Since my medical opponents, specifically the psychiatrists and psychotherapists who insist that patients with ME are not ill but have "dysfunctional belief systems" [see the end of the quotations in the previous section on accusations by officials of the US Public Health Service of "neurosis" and "housewife syndrome" in persons who - they knew - had radiation sickness, and compare my ME: Back to the Middle Ages with professor Simon Wessely], that is, psychiatrists and psychotherapists  who I do regard, as a group and individually, as very crafty medical sadists, although there is a small probability some are not consciously aware that they are, and who excel at lying, posturing, obfuscating, innuendo, verbal trickery and slipperiness and the intentional use of logical and statistical fallacies to make their own case look plausible, and who also will probably wish to claim that it is I who ought to be 'fact checking', while I do rely in the present text on evidence from Wikipedia, that they will wish to claim is unreliable.
(2) My site, and specifically the section Nederlog in it, in which the present text appears,  has been repeatedly claimed to be "a blog", while blogs in general have been put down, especially by dailies and weeklies that (also) appear in print, as "unreliable", "partial", "prejudiced" and lacking in the merits of fact checking.
(3) The Wikipedia, that currently seems to be the most often consulted reference work on the internet, has been often criticized, in general or in particular, for being biased, notably because its entries can be edited in principle by anyone anonymously, for whatever purpose or interest.

To take up these points in the order given (and with excuses for the length I take):

(1) I do not take kindly to medical doctors, psychologists, or journalists copying them, who insist that a person like me, that is, a patient with the symptoms of ME since over three decades, has "a dysfunctional belief system", "is a malingerer", "is delusional", "is a somatoformer" etc., since I take them as personal slander, and clearly intended offense, quite probably sadistically motivated, especially if it happens by persons I have never met, on the strength of the knowledge that I have been diagnosed medically as having ME/Fibromyalgia since 1989 by medical men and women who know me and investigated me.

In fact, my ex-wife and myself both fell ill in January 1979 with what was then diagnosed as EBV (Epstein-Barr Virus), when we were both first year students of psychology, studying on grants and loans, without any interest whatsoever of pretending we were ill, and very good reasons for desiring not to be ill, and also being quite happy and quite healthy until we fell ill, and besides being both intellectually gifted, the last being the probably reason that we both succeeded, eventually, in graduating with the M.A. degree in psychology.

I have no interest whatsoever in claiming to be ill, and never had - as did a number of Dutchmen I met in the late 1980-ies, who seemed to me to be abusing the then excellent Dutch system for people who fell ill who had a job: Years of 80-85% of their income, incidentally a system that has been terminated because of its abuse: Having no job since I fell ill as a first year student, I had not even a chance to abuse the Dutch health system - and in view of the treatments I have received in Amsterdam from dole bureaucrats and municipal bureaucrats with degrees in medicine or law, I have every interest not to be ill, and since decades a very strong wish to leave Amsterdam and Holland, precisely because of the ways my ex and me have been systematically mistreated and abused by Amsterdam medics, bureaucrats and municipal politicians, who have been involved in my case because both myself and quite a few mayors and aldermen of the City of Amsterdam have a background in heroism (in my family's case) or in collaboration with Nazis or the Amsterdam drugs mafia (in the mayors and aldermens and their families cases) in Amsterdam.

For the last reason, my position as a patient with ME in Amsterdam and in Holland is quite different from those who do not have my background, and who also were not, as I was, removed from the University of Amsterdam because I protested the declines of education and civilization, and the postmodernistic levelling and politication of much of the education I received in the seventies and eighties in that university, that then as now was firmly in the hands of politician/bureaucrats of Dutch Labour, who also instituted the practice of "tolerating" the dealing of illegal drugs, and protecting the Amsterdam drugs mafia, that I also protested, because the mayor of Amsterdam Van Thijn (a) permitted what were in fact hard drugs dealers to start "a coffeeshop" that supposedly "dealt in soft drugs" on the ground floor of the house that I lived in (not then knowing of my background, I assume), and then (b) protected these mafiosi when I protested their awesome noise and the murder threats they made to me because I protested - which caused moderately severe ME in me ever since, because of years of systematic sleep deprivation.

You can find my view of what happened to me in considerable detail in Dutch in ME in Amsterdam, which has never been contradicted or disputed by anyone mentioned in it, and has been on line since the last millenium (and caused me much trouble with the drugs corrupt Amsterdam and National Ombudsmen, who only exist, so far as I have been able to find out, to protect Amsterdam and Dutch bureaucrats, and were created for that purpose), while you find the reasons for my removal from the University of Amsterdam in the faculty of philosophy, briefly before I could take my M.A. in that in 39 Questions and in Spiegeloog-columns, again items that have never been disputed while they were on the internet.

Also, you find my personal background here: Why my family was in The Dutch Resistance  in WW II, that should explain why I hold it justified to claim I do differ somewhat from ordinary Dutchmen, genetically speaking (see also: Kohlberg on moral levels), and how I see my human rights here: Three documents: My father's story + my story + my Human Rights.

I should note this and my sites have been brought many times under the personal attention of Amsterdam mayors, aldermen, councilmembers and others, which never led to any denial or contradiction of what I wrote, but did cause, so far as I can tell, many intentional harassments from Amsterdam bureaucrats, many of whom are either drugscorrupt themselves or are employed to protect the mayors and aldermen and bureaucrats of the City of Amsterdam from any legal interference with their drugscorruption (which is very dangerous, since in Amsterdam many people got murdered for drugs-related reasons, and these murders are never solved or prosecuted, because the municipal police and district attorneys are drugscorrupt, because the laws for drugs are only effective in Holland for protecting the local drugsmafia, that works hand in glove with drugscorrupt Amsterdam bureaucrats, policemen and district attorneys, for the following human-all-too-human reaosn In Holland EACH year between 15 and 50 BILLION dollars of illegal drugs are turned over, with the connivance, protection and one must suppose a considerable share in profits of Dutch mayors, aldermen, policemen and district attorneys, since this practice was institutionalized and perfected by drs. Ed van Thijn, drugscorrupt (former) mayor of Amsterdam, who connived my being gassed by his personal drugsmafiosi, probably because of my background: he owes his life i.a. to my mother's activities in the resistance at the time and place he was hiding as an 8-year old, being "Jewish" according to Goebbels Nuremberg Race Laws, whereas my father and grandfather were arrested and convicted to concentration camp imprisonment because of the heroic February Strike of 1941, that Van Thijn has abused all his career for his personal benefit and profit, and to keep protecting the drugs mafia.

(2) My site, and specifically the section Nederlog in it, have been repeatedly callled "a blog" on the internet, which is at least a little misleading, though I have no fundamental disagreement when Nederlog is called "a blog":

I did not start my site as "a blog" in 1996, but to protect myself against the manipulation, lies and occasional bureaucratic violence from Amsterdam bureaucrats and drugsdealers they protect that I have been exposed to; to write out what happened to me in Amsterdam in "ME in Amsterdam" in order to get the responsible Amsterdam bureaucratic, political and judicial bastards in court in Strassbourg (European Court for Human Rights); and to write out what I think about things I care about, notably philosophy.

The section Nederlog, that may invite the term "blog", was started in 2004-2006 as a means to quickly have my say on current Dutch affairs, and on what interested me, and has explicitly - see December 2008, if you read Dutch - no journalistic pretensions whatsoever (I am not "a journalist" and don't want to be one), and was also not started as "a blog" nor with any journalistic intent, but only as a means to express myself, and to write the truth about Amsterdam and Holland.

The reason I do not object to Nederlog being called "a blog" is that Nederlog mostly happens to conform to the format; and the reason to write this out is that the rest of my site - by far the greatest part - is not a blog at all, not even when the term is taken in a very wide and vague sense, but is merely a means to publish some of my ideas (and indeed also of others).

(3) Blogs - real and so called - have often been criticized, especially but not only by, one may suppose: 'objective' and 'disinterested', journalists of daily papers, who write for pay, for being biased, prejudiced, unreliable and (especially) for lacking in the practice of 'fact checking', that is done by American paper media, especially, it seems not so much to help them write the truth, as to make it probable they cannot be persecuted legally for what they deemed fit to print.

Not being a journalist, and not having the desire to be one, I am not concerned with 'fact checking', except in that (a) I do not write what I consider false while I do try to write the truth to the best of my knowledge, also if writing the truth is against my social interests (that is, mostly: I do not pretend to moral or political values I do not have, though they are fashionable) (b) if someone points out what I agree is a mistake I repair it and (c) I generally qualify what I write by making clear how probable I regard it, and by making the correct logical qualifications.

Wikipedia - currently very probably the most often consulted reference work on the internet - has often been criticized for being partial, biased, anonymous and open to editing by anyone, using any alias.

I agree with some of the criticism, but must remark that (a) some of these criticisms are  also quite unavoidable, given what Wikipedia is and how it works (b) in my own experience, especially with regards to things I have reason to believe I do know about apart from Wikipedia, the quality of the lemmas in Wikipedia varies a lot, but are usually helpful, and (c) in fact, anyone may try to improve on the lemmas in Wikipedia or outside it, and many have done so.

Much more specifically, as regards medical ethics, medical sadism, abuse of medicine, and ME/CFS, it seems to me Wikipedia seems reasonable as regards medical ethics and absuse of medicine, while the lemmas relating on ME have varied a lot: I have seen, through the years, both quite good and quite bad versions of what was nominally the same lemma.

In general terms, I see no special reasons to distrust Wikipedia - more than other media or other encyclopedic works - except in matters that are contentious (ME is one of them) or personal (I have seen hagiographies of Duch Labour politicians, such as the drugsmafia-mayor Van Thijn, that seem written by themselves) or that are a matter of considerable financial, political or religious interest.

Then again, this is a risk one always has when reading, listening or watching public media, and it also seems to me that most of the material in 5. A collection of unethical human experimention in the US is very probably mostly factually correct, precisely because it names persons and institutions who all have every interest, and often also the money, to prevent it from being there if there were any legal grounds to remove it.

Finally, none of it is directly relevant to ME/CFS, except in showing that there is such a thing as medical sadism; that it is prominently present in 'intelligence'-related defense work in the US (and no doubt in other countries as well, where there is less of a possibility to publish about it and survive unmolested and unthreatened); that wholly apart from 'intelligence'-related defense work this is an occupational risk medical doctors have, since they have much power and status, and little real effective control, and - it would seem to me - especially medical professional organizations are not by far as concerned about it as they should be, both in the interests of ethical medical science and the interests of patients of medical doctors, probably because medical professional organizations, like most professional organizations, exist primarily to help protect medical colleagues by medical colleagues.


P.S. Corrections, if any are necessary, have to be made later.
-- May 4, 2011: Inserted a few links, corrected some mistakes, added some clarifying phrases.

Having mentioned in my earlier Some speculations around ME and XMRV - part II the fact that a lot of papers relating to ME have been declared State Secrets in England until 2071, i.e. a time when almost anybody having ME/CFS now will be safely dead and buried, and noting that the main English pseudo-scientific falsifier of things relating to ME is none other than professor Simon Wessely, who is very proud to work for the British Military, and having read in section 5 above about the US sadistic medical freak dr. Ewan Cameron, I have to admit that (i) my personal probability that ME/CFS may be related somehow to an English/US secret military project has increased considerably, while (ii) I also still believe it is very unlikely that this matter can be much clarified before 2071, apart from a revolutions and such, and is generally a waste of time and intelligence to try to research if one is a patient with ME: if it is true, it will be very difficult and dangerous to establish good evidence that it is, this then being a much protected state secret; if it is not true, there simply can be no good evidence. 


As to ME/CFS (that I prefer to call ME):

1. Anthony Komaroff

Ten discoveries about the biology of CFS (pdf)

2. Malcolm Hooper THE MENTAL HEALTH MOVEMENT:  
PERSECUTION OF PATIENTS?
3. Hillary Johnson

The Why

4. Consensus (many M.D.s) Canadian Consensus Government Report on ME (pdf)
5. Eleanor Stein

Clinical Guidelines for Psychiatrists (pdf)

6. William Clifford The Ethics of Belief
7. Paul Lutus

Is Psychology a Science?

8. Malcolm Hooper Magical Medicine (pdf)

Short descriptions:

1. Ten reasons why ME/CFS is a real disease by a professor of medicine of Harvard.
2. Long essay by a professor emeritus of medical chemistry about maltreatment of ME.
3. Explanation of what's happening around ME by an investigative journalist.
4. Report to Canadian Government on ME, by many medical experts.
5. Advice to psychiatrist by a psychiatrist who understands ME is an organic disease
6. English mathematical genius on one's responsibilities in the matter of one's beliefs:
   "it is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence".
7. A space- and computer-scientist takes a look at psychology.
8. Malcolm Hooper puts things together status 2010.
 


    "Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever!

No change, no pause, no hope! Yet I endure.
I ask the Earth, have not the mountains felt?
I ask yon Heaven, the all-beholding Sun,
Has it not seen? The Sea, in storm or calm,
Heaven's ever-changing Shadow, spread below,
Have its deaf waves not heard my agony?
Ah me! alas, pain, pain ever, forever!
"
     - (Shelley, "Prometheus Unbound") 


    "It was from this time that I developed my way of judging the Chinese by dividing them into two kinds: one humane and one not. "
     - (Jung Chang)

 


See also: ME -Documentation and ME - Resources


Maarten Maartensz (M.A. psy, B.A. phi)

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