Hier is noot
30 van mijn commentaar bij Boek II
Het blauw gestelde is van Aristoteles, zoals vertaald door Benjamin
Jowett - en "These evils" heeft een algemeen
en wijd bereik:
evils, however, are due to a very different cause - the wickedness of
human nature. (..)
This again (..) concerns an issue few
idealists, few radical reformers, and few adolescents are willing to
meet frankly and head on: "the
wickedness of human nature". This needs at least two remarks.
First, it seems clearly true, on average, as
illustrated by human history, which is fairly described by Gibbon and
by Chamfort in these terms:
"History is little else but the register of
the crimes, follies and misfortunes of mankind"
"Presque toute l'Histoire n'est qu'une suite
and which moved Hazlitt to the quite correct
If mankind had wished for what is right, they
might have had it long ago.
Second, this is mostly explained by egoism and
"Egoism and stupidity are the roots of all
and also by the facts that all men only can
feel their own needs and interests, and think their own thoughts, and
that all sympathy or human kindness requires a certain amount of
imaginary taking the place of another, while it also is a fact that the
vast majority of men is not particularly well inclined towards men who
are not a member of their own society,
group, club, party, or family, and indeed are often inclined, also
because the ideology
or morals of
their groups allows or approves this, to exploit, abuse, lie to, or
deceive foreigners, strangers and
And it should be remarked that, apart from sadism, malevolence
and cruelty, all of which are quite human and quite common
too, the common human traits of egoism, stupidity and chauvinism go
quite far in explaining and underpinning the above first three quoted
En weet u wat ik hoop, in ieder geval?
Knol ničt zegt of schrijft: "Precies myn idee,
Ach ja, al die kleine genietingen waar een
mens al geen genoegen in kan scheppen!
O... en "Nederlandse
filosofie", "Nederlandse cultuur",
"Nederlandse beschaving", "Nederlandse
redelijkheid", "Nederlandse rationaliteit"
- zijn dat geen oxymorons?